Approaches - Humanistic Perspective - Assumptions

assumptions of the humanistic approach

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  • Created on: 18-06-12 11:34
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Humanistic perspective ­ assumptions
Assumptions:
1. Uniqueness of individuals
a. Psychology should focus on the subjective experiences, feelings and thoughts of
individuals (this is called a person's phenomenology)
b. The approach is referred to as ideographic
c. Generalisations/laws are irrelevant since all individuals are different
2. Holistic approach
a. Individuals must be looked at from a holistic perspective (as a `whole person') rather
than trying to break down (`reduce') behaviour into smaller parts (reductionism)
3. Free will
a. All individuals are free to choose what they do and what kind of person they can be
b. This is an alternative approach to deterministic position taken by psychodynamic
psychology and behaviourism

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