Approaches

What are the assumptions of the cognitive approach?
2 way flow of information, cognitve psychology is a pure science, the mind works like a computer.
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Name the 2 main ideas of the cognitive approach...
Neuroscience and Schemas.
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What is a key study for the cognitive approach?
Bartlett 1932.
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What are the assumptions of the behaviourist approach?
Behaviour is learnt through reinforcement, All behaviour is learnt through experiences in the environment.
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What are the 5 key ideas of the behaviourist approach?
Social Learning Theory, Classical/Operant Conditioning, + - Reinforcement, Punishment and Vicarious Reinforcement.
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What are the key studies of the behaviourist approach?
Skinner, Pavlov, Bandura, Watson and Raynor.
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What are the assumptions of the biological appraoch?
The mind lives in the brain, Our behaviour has an adaptive and evolutionary process.
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What is the main type of study used by the biological approach?
Twin studies.
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What are the main assumptions of the humanistic approach?
Every individual is uniques, Everyone has free will.
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What are the key ideas of the humanistic approach?
Maslows hierarchy of needs, Rogers, Conditions of worth.
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Name a key study of the psychodynamic approach...
Dr. Money and the boy with no penis.
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What are the key assumptions of the psychodynamic approach?
Behaviours are effected by unconscious drives, All behaviour has a cuase.
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What are the key ideas of the psychodynamic approach?
Eros, Thanatos, Id, Ego, Superego, Psychosexual Stages and Defense Mechanisms.
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Who developed introspection?
Wundt.
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In 1879 Wundt developed the first...
Psychological lab.
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What did Rogers and Maslow develop?
Humanistic approach.
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Who establlished the behaviourist approach?
Skinner.
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Who introduced Social Learning Theory?
Bandura.
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What was considered as the dominant perspective in the 1980's?
Biological.
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Card 2

Front

Name the 2 main ideas of the cognitive approach...

Back

Neuroscience and Schemas.

Card 3

Front

What is a key study for the cognitive approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the assumptions of the behaviourist approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the 5 key ideas of the behaviourist approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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