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Actus Reus
Actus reus means the physical or doing part of a crime. Each crime has its own actus reus, e.g.
for murder it is the unlawful killing of another human under the Queen's peace. The actus reus
can be categorised as being a result (consequence) crime such as murder;…

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do not break the chain: Roberts ­ Vs action was reasonable; Blaue ­ D takes V as he finds him
(thin skull rule).

Strict liability
Strict liability offences are a separate category because they do not require any form of mens
rea. As long as D has committed the act…

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killed V, his mens rea was put together with his actus reus of disposing of her body in a river
which drowned her.
Assault ­ S.39
D may have committed assault, contrary to S.39 Criminal Justice Act 1988. It means D
intentionally or recklessly made V apprehend immediate unlawful violence…

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If not already dealt with:
Common assault is assault or battery. Here, there is assault / battery.

* Assault is to make V apprehend immediate unlawful violence. Apprehend means a general
awareness (Smith v Supt Woking) even if a joke (Logdon). Immediate can be at any time
(Smith v Supt…

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serious harm. Recklessness is not sufficient (Belfon). Here, D intended serious harm because

GBH With Intent ­ S.18
D may have committed malicious wounding or inflicting GBH with intent contrary to S.18
OAPA 1861.

The actus reus is either wound or GBH. A wound is a break to the…

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D may be granted bail (freedom whilst awaiting trial) by the police or the courts. If bail is
refused, D will be remanded in custody. The courts grant bail under the Bail Act 1976. There is
a general right to bail (S.4). It will be refused if D might fail…

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Mitigating factors make the sentence more lenient. They include: young defendant, no
previous convictions, showing remorse, guilty plea (early), attempts to compensate V. Here,
the following factors may be mitigating: ...

The court considers the aims of sentencing (S.142 (1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003).
Deterrence (put off individual…


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