what are presumptions? questions to do with what i
a presumption against a change in the common law?
it is assumed that the common law will apply unless paraliment has madei t plain in the act that common law has been altered.
what are presumptions?
A presumption that mens rea is requited in criminal cases
the basic common law rule is that no-one can be convicted of a crime unless it is shown that they had the required intention to commit it