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Page 1

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2
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E
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Type of Experiment Information Practical issues Ethical Issues



Laboratory experiments A laboratory 1. Open systems ­ Can only 1. Informed con
experiment is controlled work with science. Society 2. Harm to subj
and is in an artificial…

Page 2

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Field experiments Takes place in the
subject's

1. Problems of
access.

1. Personal effects ­
Rosenthal


Positivists ­ they are
not natural
surroundings.

2. Can the researcher
control



and Jacobson's
experiment


reliable as they cannot
be
Those involved do not know
all the variables?
may have affected the
school
repeated…

Page 3

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The researcher
manipulates

natural environment
change


that they were not
smart

produce quantitative
data the situation but
the

the researched
behaviour?


enough.

though but you can't be
in researched do not
know this.


2. Informed consent.

control of all the
variables.
Actor tests and


Interpretivists ­ can
correspondence tests are…

Page 4

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b
l
a
c
k

a
c
t
o
r

o
u
t
.




The comparative method A thought experiment. - -
Relies on secondary data.
Identify cause and effect.
The most famous example is
Durkheim's
suicide.

Page 5

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Past question
(a) Outline and critically assess the arguments for and against using experiments in sociology.
Note that there are different types of experiment ­ laboratory, field and comparati-
ve.
Laboratory experiments ­ describe their features and their usefulness.
Compare these to field experiments and then do the same with…

Page 6

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It is difficult to recreate society in a laboratory.
They tend to examine general issues such as authority ­ Zimbardo's prison study.

Ethics
Crime related research issues are sensitive, involving danger or victimisation.
Re-creating them can have harmful effects. Again, look at Zimbardo.
Some groups can't be experimented on like…

Page 7

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4
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I
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Type of Interview Information Practical Issues Ethica



Structured Interview Are like questionnaires Cover large numbers of There are ve
but require a social people. Young and ethical issue
interaction. Wilmott interviews 933 structured in
The questions are usually…

Page 8

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Unstructured Interview The only difference is that

Allows the development of
a -Same as above
Positivism
the questions do not
come

rapport ­ empathy.



Is not reliable
pre-set. It is not a
question


Needs for
training ­


Can't be
quantified. with a
little interaction.


interpersonal and


Not
representative.
They may…

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Page 10

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Comments

wngono

A fantastic resource for A2 sociology students which also includes pasta exam question which are great to tests knowledge and understanding.

steeeephtaylor

This is really useful, thanks! 

Lima'

the document starts off with '2. Experiments', is there supposed to be a page with 1. (Heading)?

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