- Mozambique is in the Southeast of Africa, South-eastern hemisphere.
- On the coast of Africa but also, bordering South Africa, Zimbabwe and Tanzania. Tanzania is to the North of Mozambique.
- The capital is Maputo.
- To the East is the Mozambique Channel and Madagascar. The Indian Ocean is to the Northeast.
- The Comoros is Northeast of Mozambique.
- It is 0m-500m above sea level.
- The tropic of Capricorn passes through the lower region of the country.
- Has many large rivers and is mainly low land.
- 1163mm of rainfall which was higher than usual.
- A cyclone hit Mozambique which increased rainfall.
- Some farming and building methods made the flood worse.
- Eight metre high wave rushed down from Limpopo and Incomati rivers in Mozambique.
- Flood water had nowhere to go.
- The cyclone was named Elene. It came a day after the flood water on the 21st February. Flood water came on the 20th February.
- The giant Karibo Dam was opened and flowed down into Mozambique from Zimbabwe.
- Huge areas were urban areas. It was a deforested area so water just flew through.
- Porous ground and vegetation was cleared before the flood. A natural sponge was destroyed meaning the streams overflowed fast.
- Telephone lines were cut off.
- Destroyed roads.
- People died.
- People drank polluted water and caught cholera.
- People stranded on trees and higher ground.
- 600 schools ruined.
- 300 000 people lost their homes.
- 100 000 hectares of farm land was flooded.
- Government estimated £175 million would be needed to rebuild the 620 miles of roads and railways that were swept away.
- There were no warnings.
- 14 000 people were airlifted to safety.
- Mozambique Red Cross set up education to help people respond to floods and gave out wind up radios.
- Rebuild high-tech equipment to help monitor and detect floods and rainfall. This was an EU funded project.
- France sent a five person team and 10 tonnes of medical equipment. Italy provided £3.3 million.
- The UN appealed for £9.1 million in emergency aid for Mozambique and Britain cancelled debts, gave them £5.8 million and boats and helicopters went in with rescue workers.
- Japan provided tents and equipment.