Zambia, dynamic development

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  • Zambia
    • location
      • Southern Africa, landlocked. between: T,M,M,A,N,DRC,B.
    • factors impacting development
      • steps forward
        • commodities to export
      • steps backwards
        • colonialism
        • HIV
        • debt
    • Between stages 2 and thee on the Rostow model. 'Pre-conditions for economic take off/ economic take off'
    • Debt relief
      • has more money and time
        • ARV's to 100,000, for free.
        • improve infrastructure and education
        • decrease infant mortality
        • increase in life expectancy
    • Tax avoidance
      • Large TNC's avoid paying tax.
        • tax supports
          • public services
          • anti- poverty programs
    • Bottom- Up development (NGO's)
      • Room to Read
        • Advantage
          • Gender equality
          • increase literacy rate.
        • Disadvantage
          • Reliant on donations.
          • may not get he to all areas in need.
    • Top- Down development (Gov.)
      • Kariba Dam- 1959
        • funded and managed by  the British Government.
        • Advantages
          • lots of water for irrigation and for industry.
          • Hydroelectricity. cheap power
        • Disadvantage
          • Arable land prone to flooding.
          • river erodes mines/ terrain, dam collapse
          • money lost in floods

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