Woyzeck

  • Created by: EmDave
  • Created on: 26-05-19 12:37
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  • Woyzeck
    • OPC
      • First performed in Munich 1913
        • Residenztheatre- proscenium arch theatre
          • audience arranged in tiers like a traditional london theatre
      • revolving stage
        • detailed sets used for each setting was able to moved with smooth transitions between scenes
      • Modernism
        • move away from naturalism and demand less characterisation from the actors
          • looking stylised with over the top actions
        • developing in Europe at the time the manuscript of Woyzeck was found(1878)
        • explored inner psyche of human beings
          • encourages audiences to ask questions about the character and what they are going through
        • brought more overt political messages to audiences
          • exposing audiences to what life is really like- no happy endings- a battle against idealism
      • German Naturalism
        • obsession of science and medicine
          • Buchner challenges this with the Doctor looking foolish and Woyzeck's body being found with no blood
      • Audiences
        • wanted new and exciting experiences from theatre
          • Language of the play is simple and audiences may have found it crude when first performed
      • Political context
        • brink of WW1
        • enjoyed by an audience unhappy to be ruled by Kaiser Wilhelm
        • themes- hidden behind the  facade of a simple story about an ordinary (mentally unstable) man
          • Being   contemporary and corrupt surprised audiences
        • Class system- oppression and class issues would have been pertinent to audience
      • Expressionism
        • began in germany around 1912
          • short-lived but significant theatrical movement
            • rebellion against realism and naturalism in the theatre
              • focused on the inner qualities of the protagonist- a theatre of a social and political protest
                • atmosphere would be dreamlike and surreal, nightmarish, eerie, appeal to audiences emotions
                  • acting style used appearance of over-acting- intense, violent, expressing tormented emotions
                    • lighting was often stark, illuminating key areas of the stage with deliberate use of shadow
                      • stages were often bare with few props-only essential setting
      • structure
        • disjointed, episodic- intended by Buchner to be placed in any order
          • series of imaged depicticting Woyzeck's struggle
            • structure would eb new to audiences- used to narrative/linear
    • Berkoff
      • mime and physical theatre
        • play moves from location to location
          • use cast to create location and using one or two key pieces of set (blocks or stage rostra)
      • over-articulation
        • specific style
          • precise and deliberate speech and movement
        • exaggerative, stylised style
    • Buchners Intentions
      • being common and unsophisticated was better than being morally corrupt
        • Woyzeck's poverty leads him into the Doctors experiments
      • our lives are determined by our environment and social circumstances
        • some things that happen to Woyzeck are a result of circumsatnceshe cannot change
          • murder was his choice
          • poverty was not his choice
    • Context
      • europe was becoming overpopulated and many people found themselves without work or in extreme poverty
        • people blamed industrial revolution as machinery were taking their jobs
        • people in big cities were worse off and conditions were cramped and led to diseases
      • poverty and suffering are a big theme as Buchner saw the poor as the purest
        • not corrupt by presentation

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