Why did the Reds win the Russian Civil War?

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  • Why did the Reds win the Russian Civil War?
    • Strengths of the Reds
      • Increase in Popularity
        • Because of their reforms
      • Trotsky
        • Created the 'Red Army'
          • Help from Provisional Officers
        • Enforced strict disipline
        • Used encouragement and terror
          • Forcing soldiers to fight
        • Outstanding military strategist
      • Resources
        • Control of main cities
          • Moscow
          • Petrograd
            • Factories
              • Moscow
        • Controlled Railways
          • Send supplies and troops to the front
      • War Communism
        • Supplied the Red Army with food and weapons
      • Unity
        • Shared a single purpose
          • Fighting for survival
            • 'All or nothing' war
      • Murdered the Tsar and his family
        • Destroy the old governemt
          • Preventing people supporting them again
      • Propaganda
        • Better understanding of its value than the Whites
          • Invested more in propaganda
          • Created nationalistic feelings
            • Whites were tools of the western world
          • 'Agitpop' trains
            • Educate peasants
              • Film crews, literature and theatre groups
                • Spread Bolshevik ideas effectively
      • War Communism
        • Purpose
          • To equip the Red Army
          • To introduce communism
          • Ensure that workers are fed in cities
        • Nationalisation
          • Factories with more than 10 workers were taken over by state
          • Supreme Council of National Economy
            • Controlled what was produced from factories
        • Workers
          • Worked under military disipline
          • Strikes were illegal
            • Strikers were shot
        • Peasants
          • Grain Requisitioning
            • Give up all surplus grain to the government
              • Keep what they needed to survive
            • No longer allowed to sell for profit
        • Money
          • Government printed masses of money
            • Needed to meet expenses
            • Led to inflation
          • Money payments abolished
      • Red Terror
        • Forcing peasants to hand over grain
        • Forcing workers to obey orders
          • CHEKA
            • Forcing peasants to hand over grain
            • Red Terror
              • Forcing workers to obey orders
                • CHEKA
                • Intimidation against opponents
                  • Back up Lenin's policy
                • MILITARY STATE TAKING PLACE
          • Intimidation against opponents
            • Back up Lenin's policy
          • MILITARY STATE TAKING PLACE
      • Weaknesses of the Whites
        • Less Popular than the Reds
          • They were associated with....
            • The Tsar
            • Landlords
            • Foreign Intervention
          • Harsh treatment of people in the lands they captured
        • Disunity
          • Made up of many different groups
            • Common opposition
              • The Bolsheviks
          • Lacked a single leader
        • Propaganda
          • Not as effective as the Reds

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