Early Cold War -2

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  • Who was to blame for the Cold War?
    • The A-Bomb
      • Why?
        • Japanese verge of surrender
          • Aug 1945
        • Truman dropped it to end the war before USSR could claim territory in Pacific
        • Impress Soviets, release pressure on Europe
      • What?
        • 6th Aug
          • Enola Gay drops bomb, Killed over 120,000 in Hiroshima
        • May, 1945
          • Japanese losing war, Telegram of surrender brought up at Potsdam
            • not an 'unconditional surrender'
        • 9th Aug
          • Second bomb on nagasaki
            • Japan surrender
      • How, help to cause the Cold war?
        • Changed Stalin's attitude
          • Angry he wasn't told about bomb
            • Jealous - immediately started working on his own bomb
        • Changed Truman's attitude
          • more aggressive & confrontational to Soviets
    • Salami Tactics -Takeover of Easter Europe
      • 1946-7 -Stalin makes sure all communist govs come to power in Eastern Europe
        • Romania - 1945-7
          • Left wing coalition in 1945 -communists gradually took over
        • Poland -1947
          • Coalition in 1945 - non-communists arrested
        • Hungary- 1947
          • Russian troops still there after 1945 invasion - elections lost- communist Rakosi control of police - got opponents
        • Albania - 1945
          • Left Wing coalition - executed members of other parties
        • East Germany - 1949
          • Turned into GDR in 1949
        • Czechoslovakia - 1945-8
          • 1948 communists banned all other parties & killed leaders
    • Churchill's Fulton speech
      • 5th March 1946
      • Churchill invited to Fulton, Missouri, Hometown
        • 5th March 1946
      • 'Shadow fallen over Eastern Europe, cut off from free world by iron curtain'
        • Stalin: 'Mr Churchill has called for a war on the USSR'
    • Long Telegram
      • George Kennan - American Embassy in Moscow - since 1933
        • Hated communism & soviet system
        • Analysis of Soviet policy - 8,000 word reply
      • Educating against communism -making people happy, wealthy & free
      • Soviets must be stopped
      • Greatest threat US ever faced
      • Soviets can be beaten
      • Can be done without going to war
      • 1. Russians determined to destroy US way of life - oppose America

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