Weimar Germany

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  • Weimar Germany
    • Founded November 1918 after Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates
    • consisted of 18 states
      • proportional representation
    • Article 48: emergency powers
    • Presidents: Ebert 1919-1925
      • Hindenburg 1925-1933
    • Unpopular: stab-in-the-back myth, Communists/Jews, November Criminals
      • ATTEMPTED COUPS
        • January 1919: Spartacist Rising (put down by Freikorps)
          • March 1920: Kapp Putsch
            • March 1920: Von Kahr Putsch success in Bavaria
      • Rathenau (Jewish) and Erzberger (signed ToV) were assassinated
    • ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
      • January 1923: Germany defaults - > occupation of the RUHR
        • Passive resistence
          • August 1923: ended by Streseman (new Chancellor)
            • 1924 Dawes Plan
        • 1929: Young Plan

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