Water treatment

mind map of the water treatment, sopurces and uses in trhe UK (percentages) 

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  • Created by: Paul
  • Created on: 19-05-13 15:23
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  • Water
    • water treatment
      • screaning
        • sedimentation
          • aeration
            • flocculation
              • filtration
                • active carbon treatment
                  • sterilisation
                    • the addition of- chlorine, ozone and UV is used to sterilize the water and kill pathogens
                  • used to remove organic chemicals e.g pesticides that cause bad taste
                • filter e.g sand filter are used to remove remaining bacteria
              • a floculante e.g aluminum sulfate is added to make all the small particles clump togeather
            • bubbles of air are used to aerate the water to unsure a high oxygen content
          • water is allowed to remain static to allow solids e.g silt to settle
        • metal grills used to removes large objects
    • Qualities of water
      • Turbidty
      • PH
      • Salinity
      • O2 Content
      • CA Content
        • Industry
          • heavy metals
            • Agriculture
              • Turbidty
              • Salinity
              • PH
          • Chlorine
      • E.Coli
      • Coliform count
      • Chlorine
      • Pesticides
        • Agriculture
        • heavy metals
        • Sources
          • Rivers
          • Reservior
          • Aquifers
          • The Sea
        • water use in the UK
          • Domestic (22%)
          • Agriculture (3%)
          • Energy industry (51%)
          • Manufacturing industry (15%)
          • Service industry (9%)
      • a floculante e.g aluminum sulfate is added to make all the small particles clump togeather
      • Industry
        • Domestic
          • E.Coli
          • Coliform count

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