Virtue Ethics (Virtue Theory)

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  • Virtue Theory
    • Created by Plato
      • Developed by Aristotle
      • About being a good person and doing good things because they are good
      • Not about following rules or aiming at a consequnce
      • Relative and agent centered
    • Aims
      • Superior Aim
        • Do something because it's good to accomplish Eudaimonia
      • Subordinate Aim
        • Do something to achieve a purpose
    • Eudaimonia
      • Hard to achieve a life of good character
      • Ultimate aim is a supreme good
      • There's not one approach to achieving - relative
    • Four Cardinal Virtues
      • Temperance
      • Courage
      • Justice
      • Prudence
    • Golden Mean
      • Balance of two extremes - the excess and deficiency of a virtue
      • i .e Unambitious - Right ambition - Over ambitious
      • i.e Cowardice- Courage- Rashness
      • i.e Understate- Truthfulness- Boastfulness
    • Capital Vices (Seven Deadly Sins)
      • Pride
      • Avarice
      • Lust
      • Envy
      • Gluttony
      • Anger
      • Sloth
    • Contrasts Utilitarianism and Absolutist Ethics
      • Involves personal responsibility - entirely secular
        • Compatible with religion but independent of it
        • Morality of a person not action


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