Tourism in the UK

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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 05-12-12 19:20
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  • Tourism in the UK
    • Managing Tourism in the UK
      • Almost all tourism in the UK used to be domestic (Staycations)
        • However, people started to travel abroad (LOOK AT GROWTH OF TOURISM SECTION)
      • However, people started to travel abroad (LOOK AT GROWTH OF TOURISM SECTION)
      • The UK economy earns over £80 billion every year from tourism and leisure. This amount generally tends to grow annually
      • BUTLER MODEL
      • CASE STUDY- BLACKPOOL
        • Located on the Lancashire coast in the north-west of England
        • Major Tourist sport during 19th Century
    • CASE STUDY- NATIONAL PARKS
      • A National Park is ana rea usually designated by law where development is limited and planning controlled. The landscape is regarded as unusual and valuable and therefore worth preserving
      • A honeypot site is a location attracting a large number of tourists who, due to their numbers, place pressure on the environment and the people.
      • The Lake District
        • Historic Attractions such as Wordworth's House, Beatrice Potter's summerhouse,castles etc
        • Lake Windermere: Watersports and ferry cruises between towns etc
        • Mountains and Hills: 'Birthplace of Mountaineering'
        • Problems caused by Tourism
          • Traffic
            • 89% of visitors travel by car (Noise, Visual and Environmental Pollution)
            • Narrow winding A roads
            • Congestion
            • Bowness-on-Windermere was not built for heavy traffic
            • Overcrowding causes people to park on grass verges causing damage
            • Traffic
              • Dual carriageways built on edge of NP
              • Bus lanes in operation
              • Park-and-ride schemes
              • Small access roads
              • Heavy lorries should be kept off scenic roads
              • Widen Roads
              • Distributor roads between towns and villages
          • Honeypot sites
            • Footpath erosion on Cat Bells etc
            • Attract hundreds of visitors daily
            • 4 million people walk at least 6km a year
            • Several areas have scarred landscapes
            • Honeypot sites
              • Footpaths
                • Footpaths are repaired improving the appearance
                • Path surfaces are reinforced preventing further damage
                • Sign posting routes
                • Raise prices for attractions
              • Parking
                • Fence off roadsides to prevent verge damage
                • Develop small car parks
                • Reinforce car park surfaces
              • Litter
                • Bins should be provided at key points
                  • Emptied regularly
                • Designated picnic areas to be established
                • Signs to encourage responsibility
          • Pressure on Property
            • 20 % of property are second homes or holiday accommodation
              • Holiday homes and flats are not occupied all year round
            • Holidaymakersdo not always support the local economy
            • Demand for property from outsiders increases property prices
            • New homes need to be built (LIMITED)
            • Pressure on property
              • Local authorities could build homes for rent
              • LITTLE HAS BEEN ACHIEVED
              • Low cost houses can be built
                • Problems can be caused such as congestion and environmental damage when building houses
          • Environmental Issues
            • Windermere allows ferries and watersports whereas some lakes don't
            • The main issue is the wash from faster vehicles erode the shore
            • Fuel spills are not uncommon
            • Footpath erosion
            • Pollution from arriving tourists
            • Litter
            • Environmental Issues
              • Speed limits for boats can limit the amount of wash
                • Limit on Lake Windermere is 18kph
                • Has to be low to prevent erosion
                  • Has to be high enough for leisure activities
        • Solutions
          • Problems caused by Tourism
            • Traffic
              • 89% of visitors travel by car (Noise, Visual and Environmental Pollution)
              • Narrow winding A roads
              • Congestion
              • Bowness-on-Windermere was not built for heavy traffic
              • Overcrowding causes people to park on grass verges causing damage
              • Traffic
                • Dual carriageways built on edge of NP
                • Bus lanes in operation
                • Park-and-ride schemes
                • Small access roads
                • Heavy lorries should be kept off scenic roads
                • Widen Roads
                • Distributor roads between towns and villages
            • Honeypot sites
              • Footpath erosion on Cat Bells etc
              • Attract hundreds of visitors daily
              • 4 million people walk at least 6km a year
              • Several areas have scarred landscapes
              • Honeypot sites
                • Footpaths
                  • Footpaths are repaired improving the appearance
                  • Path surfaces are reinforced preventing further damage
                  • Sign posting routes
                  • Raise prices for attractions
                • Parking
                  • Fence off roadsides to prevent verge damage
                  • Develop small car parks
                  • Reinforce car park surfaces
                • Litter
                  • Bins should be provided at key points
                    • Emptied regularly
                  • Designated picnic areas to be established
                  • Signs to encourage responsibility
            • Pressure on Property
              • 20 % of property are second homes or holiday accommodation
                • Holiday homes and flats are not occupied all year round
              • Holidaymakersdo not always support the local economy
              • Demand for property from outsiders increases property prices
              • New homes need to be built (LIMITED)
              • Pressure on property
                • Local authorities could build homes for rent
                • LITTLE HAS BEEN ACHIEVED
                • Low cost houses can be built
                  • Problems can be caused such as congestion and environmental damage when building houses
            • Environmental Issues
              • Windermere allows ferries and watersports whereas some lakes don't
              • The main issue is the wash from faster vehicles erode the shore
              • Fuel spills are not uncommon
              • Footpath erosion
              • Pollution from arriving tourists
              • Litter
              • Environmental Issues
                • Speed limits for boats can limit the amount of wash
                  • Limit on Lake Windermere is 18kph
                  • Has to be low to prevent erosion
                    • Has to be high enough for leisure activities
        • Conflicts of Interest
          • Farmers
            • Visitors destroy crops and disturb livestock
            • Tourists has offered new opportunities for diversification
            • Income from B+B, cottages, camping and caravan sites
          • Employment
            • Many jobs created from tourism
            • Companies thrive and make profit
            • Seasonability is a problem as well as low pay
              • Wages can rise, taking money from economy and using in a different economy due to temporary, seasonable employment
            • Number of tourists are unpredictable
            • Specialised industry
      • Facts
        • England's NP's cover 7% of land
        • 6000 Parks Worldwide
        • Peak District (1951) was the first
        • Conserve natural and cultural landscapes
        • National Park authorities control 1% directly

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