Tourism

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rachelle
  • Created on: 21-04-13 04:34
View mindmap
  • Tourism
    • Growth
      • Development of air travel
      • Cheaper, faster transport links and facilities
      • More disposable income
      • More paid leaves
      • Media creates awareness and desire
      • Stress of modern life
    • LEDC
      • Advantages
        • Positive international image --> TNC investment
        • Increase in foreign exchange
        • Multiplier effect
        • Locals protect environment / heritage for tourists
        • Paid by tourist tax/spending
          • Services + infrastructure
          • Healthcare + edu
      • Disadvantages
        • Scarce resources used by tourist developments
          • Arable land built on.
        • Roads, ports + facilities damaged more
        • Culture become westernized
        • Reliant on tourism
          • Seasonal jobs only
          • Natural disaster / war has bigger impact
        • Environment
          • Traffic congestion
          • Pollution + waste from tourist developments
        • Foreign developments take profits overseas.
    • CHINA: Case Study
      • Attractions
        • Physical
          • Yellow Mountains (Anhui)
          • Himalayas
          • Yangtze River
          • Li River
          • West Lake
        • Human
          • Great Wall (Beijing)
          • Forbidden City (Beijing)
          • Terracotta Warriors (Xi'an)
          • Potala Palace (Tibet)
          • The Bund (Shanghai)
          • HK Disneyland
      • Negative Impacts
        • Hainan
          • Sanya housing incased 60% in 10 days since International Tourist Island
          • Living costs increased 7.6%; 3.2% higher than nationwide level
          • Restaurants charging hidden / rip-off prices.
            • Threaten customers refusing to pay.
            • Fu Lin Seafood Restaurant charged US$1549 for 7 dishes
        • 4.2% of annual total sewage + industrial discharge --> Yangtze River
          • Tourist cruises intensify damange
        • Beijing pollution 755/500, partly due to increase flight frequency + car usage by tourists.
      • Positive Impacts
        • Shuiman villagers improve life quality
          • Selling local products to tourists
          • Receiving land compenation payments
        • Raised standards in service industry
          • International cuisines
          • International standard hotels
          • English speaking staff
        • Alternate odd/even car plate system during Olympics --> last # of plate must match day of week, reducing traffic congestion + pollution
        • 1122 domestic + international routes + air con buses set up since Olympics. New highway network will rival US interstate system.
      • Gov. Response
        • Dec 2012, environmental ministry aim to reduce PM 2.5 level by 5% annually in industrial and major cities until 2015.
        • Subsidies for coal-power plants to reduce Nitrogen Oxide omissions
        • Hainan
          • Laws to restrict second houses, raise down payments, increase property tax.
        • Plans to cover farmersw/ social security packae.
          • Employment guidance
          • Job hunt help
          • Professional training

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Tourism resources »