Topic 5

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  • Topic 5
    • Respiration
      • Aerobic
        • Glycolysis
          • Phosphorylation
            • Lysis
              • Formation of pyruvate
                • NAD reduced to NADH, 4ATP produced (net2) phosphate removed
              • HB is broken down into glycerate-3-phosphate (GP)
            • 2 ATP turn glucose into hexose bisphosphate
          • Link Reaction
            • Pyruvate is oxidised (loses H to NAD), decarboxlation removes C, remaining Acetly group combines with co enzyme A froming acetylCoA
        • Overall
          • Glycolysis-pyruvate>link reaction-acetylCoA> krebs cycle -NADH>ETC
        • Electron Transport Chain
          • H+ ions move through to the proteins, into the intermembrane space, through atpase creating ATP and H2O
        • Link Reaction
          • Pyruvate is oxidised (loses H to NAD), decarboxlation removes C, remaining Acetly group combines with co enzyme A froming acetylCoA
        • Krebs Cycle
          • 4C
            • 6C
              • 3 NADH 1FADH
              • CO2
            • 3 NADH 1FADH
            • ATP
      • Anerobic
        • Animals
          • Glycolysis  with NAD+ regeneration creating 2ATP and lactate
        • Plants
          • same but produces ethanal and ethanol not lactate
    • Photosynthesis
      • Chloroplasts
      • Photophosphorylation
        • Non-Cyclic
          • electron carrier
          • 2e-
        • Cyclic
          • electron carrier
            • PSI
              • 2e-
                • electron carrier
                  • PSI
                    • 2e-
        • Light Independent
          • CO2+RuBP
        • Calvin Cycle
          • glucose
          • 6CO2
        • Light Dependent
          • ADP+Pi
          • NADPH
        • Limiting Factor
          • Carbon Dioxide and Light Intensity
            • temperature
        • Pigments
          • Absorption spectra VS Action spectra
          • Chloroplasts have a variety of pigments for different levels of light
    • 5C
      • 4C
        • 6C
          • CO2
        • ATP
      • CO2
      • Krebs Cycle
      • light
        • pigments
          • ATP
            • ADP+Pi
            • H2O
              • 2H +1/2O2
                • NADP
                  • NADPH
      • PSII
        • electron carrier
        • 2e-
      • electron carrier
        • PSI
        • 2H+ = 2e- +NADP
          • NADPH
          • H2O
            • 1/2O2
      • 2GP
        • 2GALP
          • glucose
          • RuBP
        • unstable 6C molecule
          • CO2+RuBP
      • 6hexose
        • 6RuBP
          • 6CO2
          • glucose
        • 12GP
          • 12GALP
            • 6RuBP

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