Topic 3- Theories of the Family

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  • Created by: jocastle
  • Created on: 08-05-16 09:11
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  • Topic 3- Theories of the Family
    • Marxism
      • Three functions of family according to capitalism
        • 1. Inheritance of property
        • 2. Ideological functions- socialisation
        • 3. Unit of consumption
      • Family absorb stress
        • Zaretsky- 'punching bag'
    • Functionalism
      • Murdock- 4 functions of family
        • 1. Stable satisfaction of sex drive
        • 2. Reproduction of next generation
        • 3. Socialisation of young
        • 4. Economic needs
      • Parsons
        • 'Functional fit'- family unit changes according to workforce needs
        • 2 'irreducible functions'
          • 1. primary socialisation of children
          • 2. stabilisation of adult personalities- 'warm bath'
    • Feminism
      • Difference
        • Women's experience in family cannot be generalised
          • e.g. family is oppressive for white women but a safe haven from racism for black women
      • Radical
        • Family and marriage are key tools of patriarchy
        • Separatism- women and men must be segregated
        • 'Matriarchal' households
      • Marxist
        • Capitalism causes patriarchy
        • Women absorb anger directed at bourgeoisie
        • Women produce and are a reserve for the workforce
      • Liberal
        • March of progress view
        • Gradual improvements in familial equality

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