Bolskevik Civil War 1917

Factors for Bolshevik Vicotry in the Civil War

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  • Created by: Amir
  • Created on: 09-12-12 18:54
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  • Reasons for Bolshevik victory and the importance of War Communism
    • White Weaknesses
      • They lacked a unified command structure and strategy
        • As a result they failed ot use thier forces effectively against the Red Army
      • The Whites were spread out over large geographical areas
      • The Whites (and Greens) often failed to co-ordinate attacks
        • For example General Deniken's forces were concentrated in the South East of Russia, he failed to concentrate his attacks with Kolchak effectively, and his forces were defeated
      • They lacked many support from the Russians who identified the whites as former Tsarist troops or foreign invaders
    • Trotsky & Red Military Strengths
      • Trotsky used officers who fought for the  Tsar - this ensured that experienced leaders were used
      • Trotsky's Red Army also held key Railway roots which ensured the contiuos supply of troops along with arms
      • By the end of 1919 the Red Army had 3 million troops
    • Lenin & War Communism
      • Nationalisation of Industry
        • All industries were brought under state control. Workers committess were replaced by Single managers
        • Cotrol output of key materials required for war
        • Factoriese were also converted to factories
      • Labour Discipline
        • Workers were fired for being late
        • Internal Passports were introduced to stop people leaving their jobs
        • Food was taken by force
        • This ensured that the Industrial Workers and the Red Army was supplied with food
      • Rationing
        • Ensured no supplies were wasted and also enusred that the Red Army was fed along with the qwor
    • Foreign Intervention
      • Lack of Long Terms Foregin Intervention
        • By 1919 foreign forces from gb, France, USA left
          • Loss of support in terms of troops for the Whites
        • Foreign forces stopped supoorting the Whites after an Armistice had been signed with germany signalling the end of WW1
      • Treaty of Riga was signed with Poland after Lenin's failed invasion of Poland - ensured Poland would not be of threat to the bolsheviks - and also made sure Poland would join the Whites
    • Red Leadership
      • The Red Army had a unified Leadership under Lenin - (unlike the Whites)
      • Trotsky was a very effective leader of the Red Army
        • Trotsky enforced Strict discipline and used Political officers within the army to ensure loyalty
        • Trotsky visited the troops on the front line and support areas under threat - giving speeches and motivating the Red Army
      • Lenin used the Chek to eliminate Politcial opposition
        • This would reduce the amount of enemies the bolsheviks would have to fight
    • Geography
      • Whites were scattered around the edges of the central area
      • They moved the capital to Moscow which made transport easier
      • The area the Bolsheviks held was full of armament factories which helped kepp the Red Army armed
      • Also the ground the Bolsheviks hedl was also heavily populated - this worked in their favour when it cam to recruiting for the Red Army
        • 5 million members had joined the Bolsheviks


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