Thomas Wolsey

A mindmap about Thomas Wolsey: dealings with parliament, relations with nobility, financial policies, economic policies, legal reforms, church reforms, rise to and fall from power

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  • Thomas Wolsey
    • Rise to power
      • 1509 - HVIIII's accession
        • HVIII disliked admin - happily left it to someone else
      • Warham resigned as Chancellor
      • Success of First French War in 1513
      • 1509 - became Royal Almoner - had access to HVIII's finances
      • Very clever - graduated from Oxford at 15
        • Success of First French War in 1513
      • Positions in church
        • 1514 - Archbishop of York
        • 1513 - Bishop of Tournai
        • 1515 - made a Cardinal
    • Economic policies
      • Enclosure
        • 1517 - national enquiry
          • Cases launched against 264 landlords
        • Cases launched against 264 landlords
        • Believed laws of 1489 and 1514 against enclosure should be obeyes
        • Relations with the nobility
          • Restricting finances
            • Subsidy hit nobility the hardest as they had the most money!
          • Abuses of power
            • 1515 - Earl of Northumberland sent to Fleet Prison
            • 1516 - Lord Burgavenny accused of illegal retaining
            • Duke of Buckingham execution - talked himself into disfavour
            • Legal reforms
              • Over 9,000 cases 1515-1529
              • 1516 - established Court of Requests for the poor's cases
              • Case load: 12/year under HVII, 120/year under Wolsey
              • System was overworked - backlog of cases by 1529, overflow tribunal at Whitehall set up
              • Sir Amyas Paulet - Wolsey's revenge for childhood humiliation
              • Centralised the legal system and promoted civil (fairer, simpler) law over common law
          • Influence over King
            • 1518 - expelled minions under pretence of reform, replaced with neutral
            • 1526 - Eltham Ordinances - reduced Privy Chamber from 12 to 6
            • When HVIII began to readmit them, Wolsey used the Ordinances to give them ambassadorial roles elsewhere
      • The 'just price'
        • 1518 - fixed poultry prices
        • 1527 - after a bad harvest, Wolsey bought up surplus and sold it to the needy
    • Financial policies
      • The Subsidy
        • Based on income - levied 4 times between 1513-15 and 1523, raising over £300,000
      • The Amicable Grant, 1525
        • Biggest revolt between Cornish Rising (1497) and Pilgrimage of Grace (1536)
        • 1526 - Eltham Ordinances - reduced Privy Chamber from 12 to 6
      • Forced loans - 1522
        • Relations with the nobility
          • Restricting finances
            • Subsidy hit nobility the hardest as they had the most money!
          • Abuses of power
            • 1515 - Earl of Northumberland sent to Fleet Prison
            • 1516 - Lord Burgavenny accused of illegal retaining
            • Duke of Buckingham execution - talked himself into disfavour
            • Legal reforms
              • Over 9,000 cases 1515-1529
              • 1516 - established Court of Requests for the poor's cases
              • Case load: 12/year under HVII, 120/year under Wolsey
              • System was overworked - backlog of cases by 1529, overflow tribunal at Whitehall set up
              • Sir Amyas Paulet - Wolsey's revenge for childhood humiliation
              • Centralised the legal system and promoted civil (fairer, simpler) law over common law
          • Influence over King
            • 1518 - expelled minions under pretence of reform, replaced with neutral
            • When HVIII began to readmit them, Wolsey used the Ordinances to give them ambassadorial roles elsewhere
        • Raised over £200,000
    • Church reforms
      • Dissolved 30 decaying monasteries - used money to set up Cardinal College in Oxford
      • Behaviour of clergy - nothing really implemented
    • Dealings with Parliament
      • 1515 - Church matters
        • Benefit of Clergy Act of 1512 up for renewal
        • Act was not renewed and so Benefit of Clergy was not restricted. Embarrassing for Wolsey
        • Church reforms
          • Dissolved 30 decaying monasteries - used money to set up Cardinal College in Oxford
          • Behaviour of clergy - nothing really implemented
      • 1523 - Financial matters
        • Wolsey demanded £800,000
        • Kept Parliament sitting throughout summer
        • Got money but only by abandoning enclosure policies
        • Enclosure
          • 1517 - national enquiry
            • Believed laws of 1489 and 1514 against enclosure should be obeyes
      • Fall from power
        • The annulment failure
        • Factions and the role of Anne Boleyn
          • The annulment failure
        • Previous failures
          • The Amicable Grant, 1525
            • Biggest revolt between Cornish Rising (1497) and Pilgrimage of Grace (1536)

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