Theory Summarised

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  • Created by: LouiseOB
  • Created on: 30-04-14 19:17
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  • Theory
    • Marxist
      • A conflict theory which says society is divided by class - Bourgeoisie (make money off others) vs. Proletariat (workers).
        • We all agree on the values of society even though it doesn't benefit the Proletariat, as we are brainwashed into agreeing. When people realize they turn to crime, subcultures etc. out of frustration.
    • Interactionist
      • Things are what you make of them. There is no external/structure to society, it is socially constructed and everything is how it is because its made that way.
        • Labeling is a huge part of society and proves the power of the agents and processes of socialization. e.g. moral panics.
          • Crime happens as a result of labeling/moral panics created within society.
    • Post-Modernist
      • Other views are outdated because society has changed since they were created. Believe class, gander and ethnicity are no longer defined because they are ever changing and are blurred.
        • Because of this society is 'fluid' as are peoples identities.
    • Feminist
      • A conflict theory that says society is divided by gender - it is set up to benefit men.
        • Based around Patriarchy - male dominated society.
    • Functionalist
      • Believe society his divided but that is okay.  It is a consensus theory that people agreeto the norms and values // organic analogy that everything happens for a reason.
        • Believe yes society is unfair but it is meritocratic (effort + ability = reward). Value consensus is taught through the agents and processes of socialization. (Marxist's say it doesn't)
          • Crime happens because it shows what happens when you do.
    • Positivist
  • Believe yes society is unfair but it is meritocratic (effort + ability = reward). Value consensus is taught through the agents and processes of socialization. (Marxist's say it doesn't)
    • Crime happens because it shows what happens when you do.

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