The War

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 01-05-13 20:26
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  • The War
    • Foreign policy
      • Survival not  confrontational
    • German threat
      • Hitlers hatred of communism
      • Stalin searched for western allies
        • Joined LofN 1934
      • Anti-Comintern pact 1936
        • Italy/Japan/Germany
      • The Munich Agreement 1938
        • Britain France Italy Germany APPEASMENT
      • Stalin reached out to form alliance with Britain andFrance
        • Nazi-Soviet pact 1939
          • Hitler sent foreign minister
          • The secret protocol SPLIT POLAND
          • by 1941 reclaimed all land lost in WW!
          • 10 year non aggresion pact
          • Political triumph false sense of security
      • Mein Kampf wanting to rexpand east to Russia
        • ignored signs and Russia not ready for 1941c atttack
    • German invasion 1941
      • ignored evidence of German attack
      • War on two-fronts
      • Stalin victim of own propaganda Nazi-Soviet political triumph
      • Stalin remained in Dacha two days after German invasion and gave no instructions
      • Purges left army weak
    • Operation Barbarossa 1941
      • three million troops
        • Matched Germany
      • 4000 tanks
        • 4x as many
      • 3000 aircraft
        • 3x as many
      • Failure
        • Stalins Leadership
          • 'Mother Russia'
          • Stayed in Moscow 1941
          • Drew Germany deeper into Russia
            • Army became weak and Stalin counterattacked
        • Lateness of attack
          • delayed by 6 weeks due to war on two fronts - Winter became a problem
        • General Winter 1941-42
          • Russians used to freezing conditions
          • Russians didn't have correct clothing or tyres in tanks
        • Nazi Racism
          • Russians originally welcomed Germans due to hatred of Stalinism
            • Nazis didnt utilise this and where brutal towards Russians
              • Became patriotic
                • 'Mother Russia'
        • Peasants
          • Scorched Land campaign
          • used to harsh conditions 5YP  and xcollectivisation
          • end of 1941 1/2 soviet population in German hands
          • 40% railway no longer useable
          • 25 million died in famine
        • Lend-Lease
          • 17 million tonnes of war material
          • recovery and expansion of railway
        • wartime reorginisation
          • 2500  factories moved east
          • 1.5 million railway cars transported in
          • consciption
            • 1944 2 million women in army
          • 1942 half natincome on war
    • Statistics
      • 1941-42 Red army lost 15000 men each day
      • 51/4 million troops PoW
    • The battle of Stalingrad 1942-43
      • Symbolic as Stalins name
      • Russians instructed to defend till the death
      • 20,000 german troops died
      • Hitlers most successful army 6th army destroyed
      • over 1 million  soviet troops killed life expectancy of soldier at the front 24 hours
        • Peasants
          • Scorched Land campaign
          • used to harsh conditions 5YP  and xcollectivisation
          • end of 1941 1/2 soviet population in German hands
          • 40% railway no longer useable
          • 25 million died in famine
    • The Battle of Kursk 1943
      • Operation Bagration
    • The siege of Leningrad 1941-1944
      • 900 days
      • 226 people arrested for cannibalism
      • strength of the people

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