Anselm: the ontological argument

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  • Anselm: The ontological argument
    • God cannot not exist as it would be impossible for us to conceive of something that great and powerful.
      • "that which nothing greater that can be concieved."
    • A analytic proposition is an argument that is true by nature, therefore there is nothing needed to tests this proposition
      • For example, bald men have no hair
      • Anselm said that "God exists," is an analyic statment
        • Gaunilo disagreed with this and used the island analogy to explain this
    • A synthetic statment is something that you have to know to experience.
    • Descartes says that God must have created the universe because the universe is "perfection."
      • He belived that existence was a "predicate of God" as having three sides was the predicate of a triangle.
        • Kant criticses this by saying that existence isn't a predicate.
          • Saying something exists cannot be an analytic statment it must be synthetic as it is from experience
    • His argument for God is a priori and ontological because it relies on logic without imperical evidence.


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