Sociological Perspectives of the family

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  • Sociological Perspectives of the Family
    • Functionalist Perspective
      • Emphasise the positive role of the family
        • Essential to the smooth running of every society
      • Murdock 1949
        • Looked at 250 societies in different cultures
          • He Argued that every society had a form of nuclear family
            • Murdock 1949
              • Looked at 250 societies in different cultures
                • He Argued that every society had a form of nuclear family
                  • Came to the conclusion that the family provides the following 4 functions
                    • Sexual
                    • Reproductive
                    • Economic
                    • Education
                  • However this is NOT universal
            • Came to the conclusion that the family provides the following 4 functions
              • Sexual
              • Reproductive
              • Economic
              • Education
            • However this is NOT universal
      • Parsons 1950s
        • The family has 2 irreducible functions
          • Primary Socialization of Children
          • Stabilization of adult personalities
      • It can be argued that Functionalists ignore the negative aspects
        • It Idealizes the family
          • Murdock makes no reference to alternative family types
        • Widespread criticism that they ignore the darkside
          • Too Macro
          • 5% Families are Cereal
      • Legitimizes Authority
      • Old = Good for comparison
    • Marxist Perspective
      • See the family as meeting the needs of the capitalist system
        • Essential functions for modern industrial society
      • Zaretsky 1976
        • Props up capitalism
          • Man escapes work
            • Goes home as boss
              • Props up capitalism
                • Man escapes work
                  • Goes home as boss
        • Engels 1884
          • Protection of property by Inheritence
            • Economic function
        • Althusser
          • Working class submit by the Ideological State Apperatus
            • Socialized to accept authority
        • Old fashioned
        • Assumes the family is nuclear
        • Ignores alternate family types
        • Explains divisions within pay
      • Feminist Perspective
        • Marxist
          • Women are exploited as cheap home labourers
            • Radical
              • As a fault of capitalism
                • Women are exploited as cheap home labourers
                  • Radical
                    • As a fault of capitalism
                      • Delphy and Leonard 1992
                        • The family is Patriarchal
                • Delphy and Leonard 1992
                  • The family is Patriarchal
            • To benefit the capitalism
              • Benston 1969
                • If domestic labour was paid at even min wage
                  • Capitalism profits would suffer hugely
          • Liberal
            • Social changed has happened
              • But there is still work
          • Too passive
          • Ignores new man
          • Ignores that men are also abused
          • Ignores Civil partnerships
          • Different strands recognize progress
          • Sees the family from a women's PoV
        • New Right Perspective
          • Cereal Packet family is the most ideal
          • Murray
            • Welfare state is too generous
          • Single & Reconstituted parents are bad
          • Criticised for blaming the victim
          • Some policies have made use of this perspective
            • MTA
            • Bedroom tax
        • The family is a social construct
          • Non Universal
          • A concept that people have made and defined
          • Self-Fufilling
          • What is family?
            • Socialisation
            • New legislation
              • Caused 50% Marriages to end in divorce
              • Media
              • Over the past century
            • Nuclear Family
              • Biological
              • Norm
            • Traditional extended family
              • Close-by
            • Single parent families
            • Reconstituted families
              • Step families
            • Attenuated Extended family
              • Live apart from extended family

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