The Multi Store Model

Complete Mind Map for the Multi Store Model, includes;

  • The Structure & components
  • The process
  • Strengths - including key study: Glanzer & Cuntiz
  • Limitations
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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 27-12-14 11:06
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  • The Multi Store Model
    • Atkinson & Shiffrin
    • MSM consist of 3 stores
      • Sensory Memory
        • SM
      • Short Term Memory
        • STM
        • Has a limited capacity and uration
      • Long Term Memory
        • LTM
        • has an infinite capacity and duration
    • The process
      • Information enters the SM through the environment
        • we pay attention to the information
          • if we don't pay attention the trace decays
          • The information enters STM
            • We rehearse the infomation
              • The information enters our LTM
              • If we don't the information decays
    • Support for the MSM
      • Korsakoffs Syndrome
        • Alcholism that causes amneasia
        • Patients can recall words in STM but not LTM
          • Proves that there are separate stores
      • Glanzer & Cuntiz 1966
        • Partciants heard a list of words and were asked to recall them in any order
          • participatss recalled more words at the beginning (primary effect) and at the end (recency effect) of the list
            • Implies that priary and recency words were stored seperately
            • Recency Effect
              • Participants tend to remmebmber the end of lists
                • later words are part of the STM
            • Primary effect
              • People are able to recall the first few words in a list but have trouble in the middle
                • earlier words are rehearsed more ad so would enter the LTM
    • limitations of MSM
      • Too simple
        • evidence states there is more than one store in STM and LTM
      • We don't always rehearse information but it still enters our STM and LTM
        • GOSSIP

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