Coral Reefs - Part 2 The Importance

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  • The importance of coral reefs
    • Medicinal Uses
      • reef species produce biologically active substances for defence which may be useful in developing medicines    
    • Climate control
      • Carbon dioxide absorbed by coral reefs are converted to solid calcium carbonate    
        • They are carbon reservoirs
    • Biodiversity
      • Coral reefs cover 1% of the oceans, yet support 25% of all marine species
    • Tourism
      • Reefs attract tourists and contribute to economies of many countries    
    • Fisheries
      • Important sources of food for local population    
      • Export of lobsters
    • Erosion protection
      • Reefs absorb wave energy protecting low lying islands and coastal areas from erosion, storm damage and flooding    

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