The Impact of Paid Work

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  • Created by: Lilly K
  • Created on: 23-03-14 09:33
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  • The Impact of Paid Work
    • Gershuny: the trend towards equality
      • Wives who didn't work did 83% of housework
        • Wives who worked part-time still did 82%
      • Wives who worked full-time did 73%
        • Longer the wife had been in paid work, the more housework her husband was likely to do
      • Social values are adapting to how women are working full-time
        • Even though men now do more housework, they still tend to take responsibility for different tasks
    • The commercialisation of housework
      • Silver (1987) & Schor (1993)
      • Burden of housework on women has decreased
      • Poorer women can't afford expensive goods & services
      • Commercialisation doesn't prove that couples are sharing chores equally
    • Dual Burden
      • Feminist: women have dual burden of paid work & unpaid housework
        • Family remain patriarchal: men benefit both from women's earnings & domestic labour
      • Ramos (2003)
        • Where the man is not in paid work & his partner works full-time, his domestic labour matches his partner's
      • Arber & Ginn (1995)
        • Only m/c can afford full-day childcare
          • W/c trapped in a vicious circle of childcare responsibilities & low-paid, part-time work
    • Emotion Work
      • Hochschild (1983): women are more likely to do jobs involving emotional labour
      • Morgan (1997): uses the example of women caring for a sick child
      • Duncombe & Marsden (1995): women are expected to work a triple shift
    • Lesbian Couples & Gender Scripts
      • Dunne (1999)
        • Division of labour continues because of deeply ingrained 'gender scripts'
        • In her study of cohabitating lesbians with dependent children, she found evidence of symmetry
          • In lesbian relationships, households aren't linked to gender scripts
            • Allows lesbians to create a more equal relationship
              • Supports radical feminist view that heterosexual relationships are patriarchal, and women can only achieve equality in same-sex relationships
        • Where one partner did much more paid work than the other, time each partner spend on domestic work was likely to be unequal
          • Suggests paid work has an important influence on division of labour, even in same-sex relationships
      • Weeks (1999)
        • Same-sex relationships offer more possibilities of eqality
          • The division of labour is open to negotiation & agreement, and not based on patriarchal tradition
    • Man-Yee Kan (2001)
      • Better-paid, younger, better educated women did less housework


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