The Development Gap

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  • The Development Gap
    • The widening difference in level of development between the world's richest and poorest countries.
    • Measuring the gap
      • GDP
        • GDP is used to classify countries as more developed and less developed
      • GNI
    • The North/South Divide
      • The Brandt line
        • A boundary line seperating the 'rich north' and the 'poor line'
    • Human Development
      • The UN argues that development is about improving people's social as well as economic wellbeing
        • Therefore recently there have been more indicators of development that focus on social factors
          • Literacy rate
          • Life expectancy
          • People per doctor
          • Infant mortality rate
          • Internet usage
        • HDI was developed by the UN
          • Based on three factors
            • life expectancy
            • Literacy rate
            • GDP per capita
          • A number is given that ranges from 0 (least developed) to 1 (most developed)
    • Possible reasons for the gap
      • Poverty Cycle
        • Hunger and poor sanitation
          • Disease, malnutrition and death
            • Depleted workforce
              • Economic decline
                • Low personal income
                  • Less access to safe water
                    • Hunger and poor sanitation
                      • Disease, malnutrition and death
                        • Depleted workforce
                          • Economic decline
                            • Low personal income
                              • Less access to safe water
        • Debt
          • Many poor countries have accepted loans from rich countries
          • Interest payments on the loans affect development as they put pressure on the already stretched financial situation of a country.
          • The debt crisis largely concerns the poorest regions, causing even more hardship to their people and preventing the development gap closing.

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