IB WW1: Defeat of Central Powers Essay plan

Defeat of Central Powers

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  • Created by: Ben Cass
  • Created on: 14-10-14 22:17
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  • The Defeat of Central Powers
    • Failure of the Schlieffen Plan
      • 1879
      • Von Moltke
      • Schlieffen said not to change it
      • France = 6 weeks
      • Russia = 3 MONTHS to mobilise
      • 1916 Russia > Germany
      • Unexpected resistance from BELGIAN partisans
    • Weaknesses of Germany's Allies
      • Austrian internal nationalism
        • Declaration of independence of three of the eleven states - including HUNGARY
      • Italy remained neutral and changed sides in 1917
      • The Decline of the Ottoman Empire
        • First Balkan War 1912
        • Gallipoli 1916
        • Arab Rebellion (Laurence of Arabia + Palestine)
          • Battle of Megiddo, Syria (October 1918 Armistice)
    • The Role of Technology
      • Machine guns
      • Tanks (1916)
      • Magazine loaded rifles
      • Airplanes (Reconnaissance and bombing 1917 onwards)
        • Count von Richtoffen
    • German miscalculations/ mistakes
      • Unrestricted submarine warfare
        • Lusitania (125 Americans)
          • 5,000 tonnes of shipping
          • American Declaration of War
        • As a result of the naval blockade
          • American Declaration of War
          • WAR OF ATTRITION
            • Somme (July 1916)
            • Verdun (1916)
        • U9 SINKAGE OF 3 BRITISH CRUISERS WITHIN MINUTES
      • Battle of Jutland (1916)
        • British Grand  Fleet
        • 250 ships
        • Dreadnought-class (1906)
        • 3 capital ships > 2 German capital ships
        • Admiral Scheer
      • Zimmerman Telegram (March 1917)
      • Ludendorff Offensive 1918
    • British Naval Supremecy
      • Dresden Sinkage (March 1915)
    • Internal German Problems
      • Kiel mutiny (20th October 1918)
      • German Republic proclaimed by SPD and Kaiser exiled to Holland

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