The Chicago School of Sociology

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  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 03-04-15 10:09
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  • Chicago School
    • SUTHERLAND
      • Differential association
      • criminality is a behaviour which is learnt
      • learnt through social interaction
      • Associations that occur when younger, for long and intense periods are more likely to be influential
      • individuals are exposed to deviant and criminal ideas more than lawabiding ideas
    • SHAW & MCKAY
      • Cultural transmission
      • juvenile delinquency was higher in the zone of transition
      • Social disorganisation
      • a tradition for young people to learn the deviant and criminal acts
    • BURGESS
      • Zonal hypothesis
      • the zone of transition
      • linked with a large amount of deviant behaviour
    • Basics
      • Established 1892
      • Ethnographic research methods
      • Focused on the city
    • Evaluation
      • Why do people develop associations
      • Too descriptive
      • Not enough to turn into testable hypotheses.
      • Need a clear definition of social disorganisation
      • Cultural transmission fails to explain certain formations like criminal subcultures
      • It fails to explain all types of crime
      • Chicago Area Project

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