The battle of Bosworth (22nd August 1485) and the battle of stoke (16 June 1487)

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  • The battle of Bosworth (22nd August 1485) and the battle of stoke (16 June 1487)
    • NUMBERS
      • Richard had 10-1200, whereas Henry had 5-6000
        • 4000 belonged to Stanley - untrustworthy
        • pretetender to throne outnumbered
      • Henry VII -5-6000 whereas the rebels (lambert Symnal) were around 8-9000 (figure varies)
        • pretetender to throne outnumbered
    • LOCATION
      • BOSWORTH
        • Landed in Pembrokeshire- mill bay (s.Wales)
      • STOKE
        • Landed between Nwales and Lancashire-go to Staffordshire
    • FOREIGN SUPPORT
      • HT had French mercanaries
      • maximillian and Hapsburg (Germantroops)
    • KINGS PERSONAL INVOLVEMENT
      • BOSWORTH
        • Richard marched his forces to Leicester
        • RIII's charge -death
        • completely involved
      • STOKE
        • Henry pardoned Simnel and gave him a job in the royal kitchens
        • The available evidence, confirms that gaps opened up between the divisions of the royal army and Oxfords with the van, was exposed. This suggests poor intelligence and weak generalship on Henry’s part, he should certainly have been aware of the rebel’s proximity and their deployment,
        • henry marchedforces to Newark after he heard LS's forces had crossed the Trent
        • Henry VII followed the earl of oxford who did most of the  commanding
    • CASUALTIES
      • possibly 1000 royal, 100 rebel
      • 2-3000 royalists,rebels -4-5,000
    • IMPORTANCE
      • STOKE
        • John de la pole dead
        • Reinforced Henrys authority - 2nd battle he had won in a row
        • last  pitched battle in the war of the roses
      • BOSWORTH
        • End of Yorkist dynasty -Tudor rule with Henry VII
    • KINGS PREPARATION
      • didnt know when or where the battle would be, but he expected it.
      • didnt act quickly, not prepared
    • EFFECTS
  • Key Yorkists united due to RIII's death and HT has not been able to establish himself and gain the allegiance of the political nation ( weak claim/has had v little time/ out of the country for 15yrs -unknown character)

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