The Sociology of Families

  • Created by: LexEsther
  • Created on: 23-04-19 15:29
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  • THE FAMILY
    • Family Types
      • Extended Family
        • parents, children & other distant relatives
      • Lone parent
        • One parent and children
      • Reconstituted
        • Two adults with children from previous relationship form a new family.
      • Same-Sex
        • Families headed by a couple of the same sex.
      • Beanpole
        • Living members come from each generation but a few from each.
    • Types Of Family Diversity
      • Organisational
        • Different life events has led different families
      • Cultural
        • Different cultural lifestyles and family types
      • Social
        • Different social classes of family
      • Life-cycle
        • Different family members from different historical periods
      • Family life
        • Different stages and different priorities
    • Reasons For Family Diversity
      • Legal  Changes
        • Divorce reform Act 1969
          • Made it easier for couples to break up
            • Reconstituted
            • Lone parent
            • Single households
        • Equal Pay Act 1970
        • Marriage (**) 2013
          • Same-sex  couples can marry
            • ** families
      • Changes  In Social Attitudes
        • Less stigma
          • Views have changed.
            • Cohabit
            • Living alone
            • **
      • Changing Gender Roles
        • Working Women
          • Women are focused in building a career
            • Living alone
        • Choosing to have babies on their own
          • Increased earning power for women
            • Lone parent family
      • Longer Life Expectancy
        • Increase in life expectancy in UK
          • Couples can stay together for years or divorce and remarry
            • Reconstituted
            • Living alone
      • Decline In Religion
        • Declining influence of religious beliefs
          • Marriage become less scared
            • **
            • LATS
      • Immigration
        • People from other countries immigrating to countries like England.
          • They bring their traditional family structures with them.
            • Extended
            • Nuclear
      • Benefits For Lone Parents
        • Goverment provides benefits
          • Raising children more a reality
          • Makes Decision to divorce and raise children on your own a possibility
      • Employment Opportunities
        • decision not to marry or have children
          • Women can have control over their fertility
    • Cereal Packet Family
      • Media
        • The father goes to  work = breadwinner
        • Mother stays home to look after children and the home itself.
        • The ideal family.
      • Characteristics
        • Natural children
        • Couple are married
        • Couple are heterosexual
        • The father is the breadwinner
      • Chester
        • Most will live in a nuclear family at some point.
        • Lone parents will marry and make a nuclear family
        • Most typical family type
      • Barke
        • Attacked image of traditional family
        • Believes that it ignores diversity in family structures
    • Feminists
      • Liberal
        • Men & women should be equal in the eyes of the law , work , education & family.
        • Working hours do not fit family life
        • Change attitudes & Change laws
        • Men do not do fair share of housework and childcare
      • Marxists
        • Capitalism is the problem!
          • Oppressive , forces unpaid domestic work.
            • Communism is the solution
      • Radical
        • Men are the problem!
          • Dual burden
          • Triple burden
          • Set up female only communities
            • Matriforal household
    • Childhood
      • Pre-Industrial
        • No childhood
        • Children were labelled little adults , they took responsibility.
        • Death rates were high
        • Children were born to be an asset
        • Parents had no time for children ; they did not their morals
      • Industrial Age
        • Children worked
        • High rise in child labour in factories
        • Children did not have time for school
        • Parents were not willing to let their children work in textile based factories
      • Modern
        • Society is more child centered
        • Working hours have lowered ; parents can spend time with children
        • There are laws concerning children
        • For most  parents, children are their priority
    • Changing Patterns In Marriage
      • Expense of marriage
        • Cohabiting is a more cheaper option
      • Secularisation
        • People are  now less religious.
      • Rising divorce rate
        • Many people may choose to separate
      • Reduced functions
        • Some family institutions have transferred to other institutions , marriage is not that important
      • Changing social attitudes
        • There is less stigma around living together without marriage
      • Changing role of women
        • Women are more independent financially & economically
    • Domestic Labour
      • Joint conjugal roles
        • Married couple have flexible roles
        • Both are likely to do paid employment: housework is shared
      • Segregated conjugal roles
        • Partners in married / cohabiting relationship have separated
        • Women mainly do the housework ; cooking ,cleaning , childcare

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