The Labour Party

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  • The Labour Party
    • History:
      • : Was formed in 1900 to meet the demands for a working class party after the electorate was increased to 5 million people following the Representation of the People Act 1886.
        • They first contested all seats at the 1922 General Election following the RotPA 1918 which gave all men over the age of 21 the right to vote and some women. Formed their first government in the 1923 General Election
    • Fractions:
      • Social Democrat
        • New Labour
          • Welfare
            • Introduced the National Minimum Wage to help reduce the effects of capitalism on workers wages in 1998
          • Foreign Affairs
            • Encouraged increased globalisation such as through signing the Lisbon Treaty in 2005 making closer relations with the European Union
          • Economy
            • Did not commit to wholesale nationalisation shown by the adaption of Clause IV in 1994 after Tony Blair became leader
          • Law and Order
            • Introduced a range of laws which protected people's civil liberties as they remained a party committed to protecting people. Shown through codifying the European Convention on Human Rights with the Human Rights Act 1997
        • Gang of four left the Labour Party in 1981 to form the SDP as they were upset with how far left the Labour Party had gone
          • This led to Labour's lowest ever share of the result since 1918 and lowest ever since a majority of the working class got the vote.27.6% 209 sears.
            • As life had changed since 1945 and there was increasing living standards across the country there was lower appetite for left wing policies. This led to third way social democrat policies.
      • Democratic Socialist
        • Old Labour
          • Policies
            • Economy
              • Supported wide nationalisation most clearly seen through clause IV which said "to secure for workers the fruits of their Labour. Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946
            • Welfare
              • Creation of the Welfare State under Clement Attlee which included the National Health Service Act 1946 to help provide equality of outcome.
            • Foreign Affairs
              • Supported a more lenient immigration policy and the independence of foreign nations. Agreed with the British Nationality Act 1981 which gave all citizens of the colonies with the right to abode in the UK British citizenship.
          • Key figures: Clement Attlee, Ramsey McDonald and Michael Foot.
        • Current Labour
          • Policies
            • Law and Order
              • Due to their belief in equality they wanted to reinstate legal aid for people on trial.
            • Welfare
              • Strive to ensure equality so they pledged to build until every family had a good standard of living.
            • Economy
              • Raise taxes for everyone earning over £80,000 to help redistribute the income to the less fortunate
          • Peaked at 400,000 members however only got 32% of the vote in 2019


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