The Five Kingdoms

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  • The Five Kingdoms
    • animal kingdom
      • cells with no cell walls
      • multicellular
      • feed on organic substances made by other organisms
    • plant kingdom
      • cells with cell walls made of cellulose
      • multicellular
      • make their own organic substances from inorganic ones, by photosynthesis
      • have several groups within
        • ferns
          • have leaves called fronds and reproduce with spores that grow on the backs of the fronds
        • flowering plants
          • have flowers and seeds for reproduction
          • monocotyledons
            • seeds containing a single cotyledon
            • flowers have parts in sets of three
            • their leaves are often strap-shaped with parallel veins
            • often have a branching root system
          • dicotyledons
            • seeds containing two cotyledons
            • flowers usually have parts in sets of four of five
            • leaves are often broad, with a network of veins
            • often have a tap root
    • fungus kingdom
      • cells with cell walls not made of cellulose
      • multicellular or single-celled
      • feed on dead or decaying organic material
    • protoctist kindgom
      • single-celled with a nucleus
      • some have cell walls and chloroplasts, and some do not
    • prokaryote kingdom
      • single-celled organisms, with no nucleus, mitochondria or endoplasmic reticulum
      • have a cell wall, but are not made of cellulose
    • viruses
      • not usually classed as living organisms because they are not made of cells
        • a virus is a piece of genetic material (either DNA or RNA) enclosed in a protein coat

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