Edward's return and coming to throne

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 20-05-17 13:02
View mindmap
  • The Aetheling Returns
    • Edward returns to England - invited by Harthacnut
      • Edward (half-brother of Harthacnut) was invited to return to England. There are several possible reasons for this:
        • Brotherly love
        • Arrangement made by William of Normandy
        • Harthacnut was dying so wanted to be reconciled with Edward
        • Rapprochement with his mother Emma
        • Most likely reason was Edward was needed to appease English who had been angered by Harthacnut's demands for 'heregeld' and his ravaging of Worcestershire
      • Edward was seemingly designated as heir to Harthacnut which was common practice in most of Western Europe in order to prevent conflict upon death of monarch
    • Harthacnut dies and Edward becomes King
      • Harthacnut dies suddenly, probably of stroke or heart attack
        • 8th June 1042, Lambeth
        • With his death male line of Danish Royal House of Cnut came to end
      • Harthacnut's succession in both England and Denmark became open to question
        • In Denmark, choice lay between Harold, son of Thorkell the Tall, and Swein Estrithson
        • Before King of Denmark and possibly England could be appointed, Magnus of Norway invaded Denmark
        • Harold murdered in 1043 and Swein Estrithson led war of independence against Magnus
      • Sources differ on how Edward came to be King
        • Vita Edwardi (tries to enhance role of Earl Godwin) states Godwin took lead in urging Witan to free England from Danish rule and send for Edward
        • The Chronicle states Edward was 'received as a king as was his natural right'
        • Florence of Worcester states this was 'chiefly by the exertions of Earl Godwin and Lyfing Bishop of Worcester'
        • Peterborough Chronicle says 'all the people chose Edward as king in London, may he hold it as long as God grants it to him'
      • Edward was acceptable to English as he was descendant of Cerdic, progenitor of West Saxon monarchy , and of Rollo of Normandy the Viking.
        • Therefore he was acceptable to both English and Danish elite.
      • He swore  to maintain laws of Cnut.
      • Coronation followed year later at Winchester
        • Second most important place in England as it was where most of monarchy were buried at one time including Cnut
        • 3rd April 1043
    • Edward's supporters and gifts
      • According to chronicles Edward's main supporters were Earl Godwin, Bishop Lyfing of Worcester and Bishop Aelfwine of Winchester
      • Leofric (Earl of Mercia) and Siward (Earl of Northumbria, who wanted to be left alone) both also supported Edward's claim and remained loyal until their deaths.
      • To ensure Edward's favour Godwin presented Edward with fully equiped warship, similar to that which he had given to King Harthacnut.
      • Edward almost immediately seized all of his mother, Emma's, land and all of her gold and silver 'because she had kept it from him too firmly'.
        • Worcester account states this action took place following meeting of Witan and he was accompanied by members of genge (war bane) and those of three earls, Leofric, Godwin and Siward.
      • It is likely Emma had hr own bodyguard of Housecarls as she was likely in possession of royal hoard.
      • Her presence as witness at future charters suggests she later regained some land and influence before her death on 6th March 1052.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Britain in the Middle Ages resources »