Symphony No.40 in G minor

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  • Created by: 11Clewj1
  • Created on: 10-04-15 17:59
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  • Symphony No.40 in G minor - Mozart.
    • Context
      • Classical period
        • balanced phrases, simple textures, harpsichord replaced with piano, range of wind instruments
    • Structure - Sonata form
      • three parts
        • Exposition
          • where the main themed are presented, first theme is always in the home key, the second subject contrasts and is always in a related key to the first
        • Development
          • where the compser 'develops' one or both ideas in the expostion, section feautres varouis keys but avoids using the tonic or dominant (it moves through varies keys but starts in F# minor). music is often ambiguous and feels restless.
        • recapitulation
          • the first subject is in the tonic key (g minor) and the second subject DOES NOT modulate to a different key, sometimes the work finishes with a small coda.
    • Melody
      • balanced phrases that sound like question and answers
      • many phrases are scalic
    • Harmony
      • diatonic and functional harmonies, based around standard major and minor chords with chromatic chords
      • a circle of fifths progression as heard in the second subject, pedal notes which are heard in the alto part before the second subject begins
    • Rhythm and tempo
      • 4/4 throughout, Molto Allegro
      • simple rythms and occasional use of dotted rhytms and syncopation to create momentum and intrest
    • Texture
      • mostly homophonic, use of imitation and octave doubling, dialogue between woodwind and strings
    • Dynamics
      • in the Expo. the first subject is quiet (apart from short passage in the middle). the second subject begins quietly and gets louder towards the end.
      • in dev. there is a loud section in the middle but starts and ends quickly, the recap has similar dynamics to the expo., only a few crescendos and no diminuendos
    • Instrumentation
      • played by a chamber orchestra made up of strings woodwind and horns
        • the strings are busy most of the time and palys a variety of things such as the melody, running scales, sustained notes and chords
        • the woodwind tend to have sustained notes and not as many quick runs. they share the start of the second subject with the strings
        • there are two horns in two keys (b flat and G) to maximize the number of notes

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