- Sustainability: The Dilemma
- The dilemma
- Developed countries will continue to demand resources for their populations in increasing amounts.
- The less developed countries provide the resources that then make the developed countries more affluent.
- The rapidly increasing populations of the developing countries (e.g. India) are demanding more and more resources themselves.
- Supporters of sustainability believe that in order to satisfy the sustainability dilemma a number of over-riding policies should come into force...
- States should support an open economic system.
- Trade policies should not involve any unjustifiable discrimination.
- The environmental/ natural resources of people under oppression, domination and occupation should be protected.
- National authorities should endeavour to promote the internationalism of environmental costs, taking into account that the polluter should pay.
- Agenda 21
- UN sustainable development programme. Governments are obliged to formulate strategies for sustainable development.
- Suggests people, not governments, who engage in development, so sustainable development is a local activity.
- Suggests everyone, however rich or poor, has a part to play in sustainable living.
- Suggested strategies by local authorities to implement Agenda 21
- Monitoring air and water quality
- Promoting energy effiiciency
- Establishing effective recycling systems.
- Encouraging and approving public transport.
- Population management
- Authorities in more developed countries...
- Train a sufficient amount of healthcare workers to care for the rising numbers of elderly, reducing the need to recruit medical workers from overseas.
- Recognise that birth rates are falling and consider issues that may arise from having fewer children and an (eventually) reduced workforce.
- Authorities in less developed countries (sub-Saharan African countries can introduce localised population management.
- Training of community nurses to be responsible for all areas of care (prenatal, midwifery, educating young adults about AIDs, care for elderly.)
- Increasing levels of female literacy to raise aspirations and improve care and prevention within families.
- The dilemma
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