Stalin's FIRST Five-Year Plan

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  • Created by: Alaa
  • Created on: 02-01-13 13:49
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  • How successful were the first Five-Year Plan in achieving it's aims?
    • REASONS OF FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN
      • IDEOLOGICAL- socialism only possible in highly advanced industrialised nation. - behind advances in the West! ALSO revolution would serve working class - peasants prospered under NEP while workers didn't! REVERSE THIS by replacing 'bourgeois' with 'red specialists; - educated by COM PARTY
      • POLITICAL - Stalin want to develop a reputation to surpass lenin. ALSO Germany unable to defend itself against capitalist nations in the event of war - coal, iron and steel necessity for modern warfare.
      • ECONOMIC - introduced as a response to NEP's failure to industrialise  Russia.  - not producing results fast enough!
    • SUCCESSES OF FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN
      • INCREASE PRODUCTION - 14% ECONOMIC GROWTH - steel 4 mil in 1928 to nearly 6 mil in 1932
      • URBAN POPULATION TREBLED. working class members promoted.- replace bourgeois speci with 150,00 newly trained red speci!!
    • AIMS OF FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN
      • 1) Develop heavy industries - coal, iron, steel, oil and heavy machinery - Stalin believe 'basic, decisive branches of industry' 2) - SEE OTHER BOX 3) lay foundation for rearmament for WAR
        • 2) to focus on 1) attempt to lay foundation for future industrial development. majority of workforce unskilled (come from farm) poorly suit to production of complex consumer goods - working in heavy industry will help gain skills to work in industries of consumer goods!
          • AIMS OF FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN
            • 1) Develop heavy industries - coal, iron, steel, oil and heavy machinery - Stalin believe 'basic, decisive branches of industry' 2) - SEE OTHER BOX 3) lay foundation for rearmament for WAR
              • 2) to focus on 1) attempt to lay foundation for future industrial development. majority of workforce unskilled (come from farm) poorly suit to production of complex consumer goods - working in heavy industry will help gain skills to work in industries of consumer goods!
      • FAILURES OF FIRST FIVE-YEAR PLAN
        • MEETING TARGETS - many official targets not met, officials not meeting targets faced consequences.. under pressure, they lie about amount produced to exceed targets - CONCERN ABOUT QUALITY OF WORK? - as of targets relating to quantity - the work produced was useless as of its low quality.
        • LIVING/WORKING CONDITIONS - (never an aim of plan - argued not a failure) workers sustained to rations. consumer goods disappearing/queuing - 7 DAY WOKING WEEK - living conditions flop - labour discipline harsh - most workers were prisoners forced to work!
        • ABOLIITiONOF FREE MARKET - main aims! wanted to replace with planned economy. PLAN FAILED to destroy it - did create the black market however, this was impossible to police - SO WIDESPREAD

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