Space Race

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  • Space race (began in 1950s)
    • Made possible by obtaining German rocket technology & expertise
      • Post WW2
    • Increasing competition
      • Space technology + exploration
    • Caused some significant achievements
      • Creation of satellites
      • First humans to be launched into space
        • 1960s
    • Soviet made the first ICBM
      • Then used the technology to put a satellite into space one month later
        • 22:30 Oct 4 1957 Sputnik launched into space
          • Only capable of orbiting the earth transmitting beeps
          • Caused panic in USA
            • Eisenhower accused of letting their opponent take the lead in the space race & arms race
      • Soviets were able to get the first human into space
        • Apr 1961 Yuri Gagarin in Vostok 1
          • 108 minutes orbiting the earth
        • A dog & a dummy was launched into space as a prototype
        • Propaganda victory
          • Superior over capitalist system
    • US Alan Shepard 3 weeks after Gagarin
      • Did not orbit the earth
        • 1962 Friendship 7 orbit the earth
          • Determined to prove the USA's capability
            • "before this decade out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the earth"

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