Research Methods Sociology

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: aaapx
  • Created on: 22-01-13 14:15
View mindmap
  • Overt
  • May be a problem of protecting research subjects' identity.
  • Lack of informed consent from subjects.
  • Access
  • May be denied if group refuses to be involved in research.
  • Hard to gain entry - need similar social characteristics to group.
  • Membership
  • Once accepted into group, easy to retain membership while conducting the research.
  • Constant risk of being discovered (cover blown)
  • Research Methods
    • Surveys and  Sampling
      • Written questionnaires
        • Advantages: Reliable. Cheap and quick. Useful for testing hypotheses. Detachment. Representative.
      • Interviews
        • Structured
          • Advantages: Reliability. Representative. Cost. Interviewer-interviewee contact. Limited 'interviewer effect'.
            • Disadvantages: Lack of validity. Reliability. Cost. Sensitive issues.
        • Unstructured
          • Advantages: Qualitative data- more detailed responses. More like a conversation-more comfortable, more truthful answers. High in validity.
            • Disadvantages: Lack of reliability. Lack of representativeness. Unsuitability for sensitive issues. Cost. Relevance. Group interviews.
      • Types of samples:
        • Random: equal chance of being selected
        • Quasi-random (systematic): selecting every nth person in sampling frame
        • Stratified: population groups (age,gender) in proportion with whole target population
        • Quota: groups (same as stratified) quota (20females, 10 60+) fill with respondents who fit those characteristics
    • Official Statistics
      • Hard: Birth and deaths. Soft: More easily manipulated - crime rates.
      • Advantages: Availability. Representative-ness. Coverage. Prompts to research. Background data. Comparability of data. Reliability.
      • Disadvantages: Definition and measurement. Reliability. Social construction. Political bias. Male bias.
    • Documents
      • Personal Documents
        • Advantages: High degree of validity. Genuine insight to people's attitudes. Cheap and saves time
          • Disadvantages: Certain groups unlikely to produce personal documents. Created after the events. Personal bias present. Letters written with an audience in mind, may affect what is recorded.
      • Public documents
        • Historical documents
          • Advantages: Only way to study past societies (no survivors etc)
            • Disadvantages: Meaning of words change. May be lost or destroyed. Incomplete and unrepresentative picture of the past.
  • Types of Data: Primary, Secondary, Qualitative and Quantitative.
    • Research Methods
      • Surveys and  Sampling
        • Written questionnaires
          • Advantages: Reliable. Cheap and quick. Useful for testing hypotheses. Detachment. Representative.
        • Interviews
          • Structured
            • Advantages: Reliability. Representative. Cost. Interviewer-interviewee contact. Limited 'interviewer effect'.
              • Disadvantages: Lack of validity. Reliability. Cost. Sensitive issues.
          • Unstructured
            • Advantages: Qualitative data- more detailed responses. More like a conversation-more comfortable, more truthful answers. High in validity.
              • Disadvantages: Lack of reliability. Lack of representativeness. Unsuitability for sensitive issues. Cost. Relevance. Group interviews.
        • Types of samples:
          • Random: equal chance of being selected
          • Quasi-random (systematic): selecting every nth person in sampling frame
          • Stratified: population groups (age,gender) in proportion with whole target population
          • Quota: groups (same as stratified) quota (20females, 10 60+) fill with respondents who fit those characteristics
      • Official Statistics
        • Hard: Birth and deaths. Soft: More easily manipulated - crime rates.
        • Advantages: Availability. Representative-ness. Coverage. Prompts to research. Background data. Comparability of data. Reliability.
        • Disadvantages: Definition and measurement. Reliability. Social construction. Political bias. Male bias.
      • Documents
        • Personal Documents
          • Advantages: High degree of validity. Genuine insight to people's attitudes. Cheap and saves time
            • Disadvantages: Certain groups unlikely to produce personal documents. Created after the events. Personal bias present. Letters written with an audience in mind, may affect what is recorded.
        • Public documents
          • Historical documents
            • Advantages: Only way to study past societies (no survivors etc)
              • Disadvantages: Meaning of words change. May be lost or destroyed. Incomplete and unrepresentative picture of the past.

Comments

Sophia Taylor

This has just saved me so much time it is insane, thank you so much! 

hannah hiddlestone


This is fabulous! Thank you!

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Sociological research methods resources »