Sociology Unit 1 Theorists

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  • Sociology Unit 1 Theorists
    • Social class identity
      • Scott - social closure
      • Kenway - upper class girls
      • King and Raynor - middle class families
      • Bourdieu - cultural capital
      • Goodwin - yummy mummies
      • Saunders - conspicuous consumption
      • Wright - contradictory class position
      • Willis - Lads and Earoles
      • Bowles and Gintis - education reproduces inequalities
      • Mac an Ghaill - crisis of masculinity
      • Murray - underclass dependency
      • Jordan - underclass
      • Pakulski and Waters - shift from production to consumption
      • Offe - decline of social class idenitity
      • Skeggs - working class women's instrumental attitudes to work
    • Gender identity
      • Mead - gender is not innate
      • Parsons - instrumental and expressive
      • Oakley - 4 central processed
      • McRobbie - bedroom culture
      • Ferguson - cult of femininity
      • Skelton - hidden curriculum
      • Kelly - science is packaged for boys
      • Colley - subject preferences
      • Adkins - gender segregation at work
      • Wilkinson - convergence between masculine and feminine
      • Connell - four types of masculinity
      • Nixon/Mort - new masculinity
      • Jackson - Ladettes
      • Weeks - homosexual statements
      • Plummer - homosexual career
      • McCormack - decrease in homophobia
      • Rich - compulsory heterosexuality
    • Ethnic identity
      • Cashmore and Troyna - turning inwards
      • Hebdige - resisting racism
      • Ghuman - differences in British and Asian cultures
      • Anwar - Asian family as a source of conflict
      • Butler - new British Muslim women
      • Driver and Ballard - Indian families and education
      • Archer and Francis - Chinese students
      • Coard - ethnocentric curriculum
      • Gillborn - black students negatively stereotyped
      • Alexander - myth of Asian gangs
      • Sewell - hyper masculinity
      • Back - cultural masks
      • Gill - Blasian/Brasian
      • Bennett - new Asian identities
      • Johal - white masks
      • Burdsey - code switching
      • Phillips et al - British curriculum
      • Schuden - national culture
      • Kumar - missionary nationalism
      • Hewitt - white backlash
      • Hall - homogenisation, hybridity, resistance
    • Age identity
      • Griffin - dysfunctional, suffering a deficit, deviant
      • Brannen - dual burden
      • Hodkinson - Goths
      • Carrigan and Szmigin - media portrayal
      • Sontag - double standard of ageing
      • Clarke and Warren - active ageing
      • Johson - workplace ageism
      • Voas - religion
      • Featherstone and Hepworth - deconstructed life course
      • Shakespeare - victim mentality
      • Barnes - media representation of disability
      • Gill - learned helplessness
      • Murugami - self constructed disability
    • Youth subcultures
      • Fyvel - absence of fathers
      • Abrams - affluence without responsibility
      • Parons - rite of passage
      • Eisenstadt - forum for frustrations
      • Rozak - generation gap
      • Heidensohn - malestream sociology
      • McRobbie and Garber - bedroom culture
      • Lincoln - bedroom sanctuarny
      • Reddington - lack of female punks
      • Blackman - New Wave girls
      • Harris - girl power
      • Hollands - Friday night, Saturday night
      • Cashmore and Troyna - turning inwards
      • Hebdige - Rastafarianism
      • Sivanandan - Jamaican rastas
      • Burdsey - code switching
      • Gill - Blasian and Brasian
      • Back - South London housing estate
      • Bennett - blending styles
      • Nayak - white wannabees
      • Vale and Juno - modern primitives
      • Hutnyk - cultural appropriation
      • CCCS - 1970's Neo Marxists
      • Hall and Jefferson - resistance to capitalism
      • Brake - magical solution
      • Clarke - imaginary solution
      • Cohen - Mods and Rockers
      • Polhemus - Supermarket of style
      • Thornton - Subcultural capital
      • Maffesoli - neo tribes
      • Hetherington - neo tribe, not subculture
      • Bennett - fluid youth identity
    • Youth deviance
      • Coles - the poor are more likely to commit crime
      • Walmsley et al - working class prisoners
      • Jacobson et al - 200 working class children
      • Graham and Bowling - middle class crime
      • Messerschmidt- accomplished masculinity
      • Cloward and Ohlin - criminal, conflict, retreatist
      • Harding - Street Casinos
      • Decker and Van Winkle - push and pull factors
      • White - underclass linked to gangs
      • Willis - Lads and Earoles
      • Raey - working class anti school subcultures
      • Mac an Ghaill - Macho Lads
      • Lacey - setting and streaming
      • Brown - getting in, getting out, getting on
      • Lea and Young - intra-racial crime
      • Nightingale - deviant black boys in Philadelphia
      • Bourgois -. growing up poor in the richest city in the world
      • Alexander - myth of Asian gangs
      • Hall - criminalisation of the black community
      • Hood - black men more likely to receive custodials
      • Sewell - hyper masculinity
      • Mirza - black girls held back
      • Archer - Asian boys 'bad boy' image
      • Strand and Winston - black boys entered into lower sets
      • Campbell - expressing masculinity
      • Faludi - young males aren't deviant, but showing masculinity
      • Bourdieu - symbolic violence
      • Connell - deviance and alcohol
      • Lees - control from peer group
      • Klein - girls are just as violent
      • Thompson - media exaggeration and moral panics
      • Muncie - moral panics about girl gangs
      • Jackson - Ladettes
      • Pollak - Chivalry Thesis
      • Gordon - consumerist 'culture of envy'
      • Hall and Jefferson - resistance to capitalism
      • Brake - magical solution
      • Clarke - exaggeration/imaginary solution
      • Merton - strain theory
      • Cohen - status frustration
      • Miller - focal concerns
      • Murray - underclass dependency culture
      • Cicourel - interaction between police and working class males
      • Cohen - moral panics
      • Thornton - perils of ecstasy
      • Fewbert - Hoodies
      • Katz - state of drift
      • Lyng - edgework

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