Social Policy AS Education

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rachel
  • Created on: 20-05-14 12:33
View mindmap
  • Social Policy AS Education
    • 1944 Education Act
      • Tripartite System
        • Grammar Schools
          • Usually middle class
        • Technical Colleges
        • Secondary Modern Schools
          • Usually working class
        • Legitimates inequality- educational achievement is predetermined by the class you're born in to.
        • 11+ Exam- Meritocracy
    • Comprehensive System
      • No more 11+ exams
      • Legitimises inquality- The Myth of Meritocracy
        • Labelling
          • Comprehensive System
            • No more 11+ exams
            • Legitimises inquality- The Myth of Meritocracy
              • Labelling
                • Teachers enforce negative labels to working class pupils
              • Streaming
                • Middle Class pupils are placed higher up- achieve higher status
            • Up to LEAs whether Grammar schools were abolished
          • Teachers enforce negative labels to working class pupils
        • Streaming
          • Middle Class pupils are placed higher up- achieve higher status
      • Up to LEAs whether Grammar schools were abolished
    • 1988 Education Reform Act
      • Marketisation and Parentocracy
        • Formula Funding
          • Schools receive money in correlation to how many pupils they have
            • Disadvantages children with Special Educational Needs- They receive the same amount of funding, but often require more
              • Schools reluctant to take them on
            • Schools need to try and advertise themself in order to gain more pupils
              • Those who are in deprived areas often struggle because the students are from working class backgrounds and do not fit the 'ideal pupil' criteria, and are more likely to fail
        • Schools need to try and advertise themself in order to gain more pupils
          • Those who are in deprived areas often struggle because the students are from working class backgrounds and do not fit the 'ideal pupil' criteria, and are more likely to fail
        • Schools become answerable to parents
          • Less state control over education
        • Exam League Tables
          • If schools can place themselves higher in the Exam League tables, they attract more pupils
            • Schools receive money in correlation to how many pupils they have
              • Disadvantages children with Special Educational Needs- They receive the same amount of funding, but often require more
                • Schools reluctant to take them on
    • 1997 New Labour Policies
      • Reducing Inequality
        • Aim Higher Programme
        • Educational Action Zones
        • EMAs
          • Whitty- contradiction- EMAs encourage to stay on, tuition fees put off
        • Increase sachool leaving age to 18
      • Promoting Diversity and Choice
        • Applying for specialist status
      • Gender policies
      • Ethnicity Policies
        • Multicultural education policies
          • Stereotypical- tokenism
        • Social inclusion policies (detailed exam monitoring, funding for EAL programme, helping voluntary groups in black communities)
          • Mirza- too soft approach, unlikely to have a lasting impact
      • Postmodernism and New Labour
        • Thompson- argues education is becoming 'customised' rather than 'one size fits all'
          • However, the curriculum is 'one size fits all'
          • Critics say it neglects inequality
            • Tackling inequality did occur- increasing funding for state education, raising standards, focus on 'learning society'
      • Labour was overtly opposed to public schools and grammar schools, yet they were not abolished.
  • Grammar Schools
    • Usually middle class
  • Technical Colleges
  • Secondary Modern Schools
    • Usually working class
  • Pupils who are streamed get 'achieve' higher status. In reality, status is ascribed.
    • Marketisation and Parentocracy
      • Formula Funding
        • Schools become answerable to parents
          • Less state control over education
        • Exam League Tables
          • If schools can place themselves higher in the Exam League tables, they attract more pupils
        • Increase competiton between schools- do more to improve grades
          • Schools in working class areas close down
            • Reducing Inequality
              • Aim Higher Programme
              • Educational Action Zones
              • EMAs
                • Whitty- contradiction- EMAs encourage to stay on, tuition fees put off
              • Increase sachool leaving age to 18
            • Introducing academies
              • Promoting Diversity and Choice
                • Applying for specialist status
            • WISE and GIST
              • Gender policies

            Comments

            No comments have yet been made

            Similar Sociology resources:

            See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »