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  • Social Learning Theory - Criminological Psychology
    • Motivation
      • Bandura (1977)
      • Vicarious Learning
        • if a behaviour is punished then is wil not be reproduced
        • an individual watches someone else being rewarded or punished
        • observing a successful criminal is more likely to motivate and individual
      • External Motivation
        • criminal act acquired through social learning
        • rules of operant conditioning apply
        • if behaviour is rewarded it is more likely to be repeated
      • Self reinforcement
        • Self motivational factors
        • a behaviour is more motivating if an internal need is satisfied
    • Role Models
      • Criminal behaviour is observed through role models already engaging in criminal activity
      • This could be familiy members, friends or peers
      • We will copy people with social status
    • Modelling Behaviour
      • Learnt through the observation of others.
    • Learnt through attention, retention, reproduction and motivation
    • To learn criminal behaviour someone needs to observe it
    • Behaviour is not copied immediately but can emerge later.
    • The role of the Media
      • witnessing anti-social behaviour in real life may be limited
        • The opportunity to witness media violence and crime is less.
      • 70-80% of programmes contain acts of aggression.
      • We watch around 38 hours of TV a week and children watch up to 25 hours a week
        • Rideout et al (1999)
      • Research shows a link between TV viewing hours and convinctions
      • Bandura (1961)
        • Boys are more likely to copy TV aggression
      • Saturday morning ad's are more likely to contain aggression if they feature boys
        • Macklin and Kolbe (1984)
      • Playing violent video games increases aggression levels
        • Anderson and Dill (2000)
        • Barlett etal (2007)
    • Motivation from the media
      • Anti-social behaviour on TV is not punished
      • video games are most likely to cause anti-social behaviour
      • Song lyrics are some times translated into anti-social behaviour
      • The motivation to copy from TV may be greater than real life
      • TV victims are rarely seen

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