Social construction of childhood

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  • Social construction of childhood
    • Popular views of childhood
      • Childhood- Clear, separate period of life, long period of support& socialization by adults
      • Childhood in Britain- privileged- Protected by laws,cheaper travel, special foods
      • Identity& status of children have been created by social attitudes- social structure
      • Social construction-Important characteristic, influenced by attitudes& interpretations
        • The differing status, responsibilities
        • Treatments of children have changed through history
        • Differences between children's status in same society
    • CROSS- CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN CHILDHOOD
      • Freedom from adult responsibilities- Not found in all societies- Esp in developing countires
      • International Labour organization- 1 in 7 children in the world work
        • Africa- 28% aged 5-17 involved in  child labour
      • Child soliders
        • 2008 Report- SUOCS- Between 2004& 2007 CS- Involved in active conflict in 21 countries
      • UNICEF 2014- 1 in 10 girls, experiences serious sexual violence- 95,000 of child murders a year
      • Shows nature of childhood is not the same in every society
    • HISTORICAL CHANGES IN CHILDHOOD
      • Philippe Aries (1973)- Showed in Medieval times, childhood didn't exist as a separate status
        • Children seen as "little adults"- adult responsibilities& roles- mixed with adults
      • Aries- SC linked to industrialization
        • Restrictions in CL- Children seen as innocent
          • Literate and numerate force- Development of compulsory education from 1880
            • Children dependent on adults
    • DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CHILDREN IN SAME SOCIETY
      • Inequalities based on social class, ethnicity& gender
      • 27% of children in UK (2012) were living in poverty- SOCIAL CLASS
      • Bhatti (1999)- Asian girls- More controlled by parents- GENDER/ ETHNICITY
      • Margo et. al (2006)-  Richer parents afford activities- Attend educational activities- Enhance social development- SOCIAL CLASS
  • 1850's- Child labour was practised
    • Poor familes- Children were theives & prostsitutes
      • Children faced same legal punishments as adults
      • HISTORICAL CHANGES IN CHILDHOOD
        • Philippe Aries (1973)- Showed in Medieval times, childhood didn't exist as a separate status
          • Children seen as "little adults"- adult responsibilities& roles- mixed with adults
        • Aries- SC linked to industrialization
          • Restrictions in CL- Children seen as innocent
            • Literate and numerate force- Development of compulsory education from 1880
              • Children dependent on adults

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