Standard of living

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • STANDARD OF LIVING
    • 1918-1939
      • post war boom - serious recession in 1921
        • poor wages fell until 1934
          • families had less than £5 a week
        • some people standard improved
          • prices fell faster than wages
            • cost of living fell 1/3 1920-1938
            • quality of life in York improved by 30%
      • regional variation
        • north
          • traditional industries e.g. shipbuilding
            • export reliant - disrupted in WW1
              • competitors emerged
          • unemployment rose to 3 million 1932-1933
            • 1944: 85% long term unemployed in North England
              • 1932: 62% ship builders unemployed only 20% car manufactures
                • 730,000 consumers in 1920
          • malnourished and poverty stricken
            • 5.17 infant deaths /1000 in south wales
            • 0.86/1000 in Kensington London
        • south
          • modern industries e.g. chemicals
            • electricity
              • 730,000 consumers in 1920
              • 9 million in 1938
          • improved living standards
            • varied housing made cheap mortgages
    • 1941-1951
      • Total War
        • everybody has the same experience
          • rationing, conscription and loss of life
        • 2/7 houses destroyed 3.5 million
        • 8.5 million essential work orders
      • continuing rationing
        • 1946 1/4 of consumer goods rationed
          • 1949 - 12%
        • caused by harsh winters of 1946 and 1947
    • 1951-1979
      • incomes
        • 1970's golden era of western capitalism
          • disposable income rose by 30%
          • home ownership rose by 50%
          • car ownership by 52%
      • consumerism
        • local money lenders used by poor had high interest rates
        • 1974 consumer credit act
          • clarified rights of borrowing
            • led to explosion in borrowing
      • wants and needs
        • gas sales doubled
        • electricity sales quadrupled
          • central heating increased 50%

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »