Living Standards, Britain

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  • Living Standards
    • Real Income
      • The money that the individual is able to spend. e.g. money received without tax etc.
      • Living standards improved for most Britons because prices fell faster than wages
      • Increase in the use of contraception meant that family sizes shrank. (1880s- 4.6, 1920s- 2.19 average.)
    • Health and Diet
      • Many people died during the war or got mental and physical injuries.
      • Decline in alcohol consumption. Rationing led to healthier eating. Evacuations proved the poor quality of food.
      • Whilst the quality of hospitals improved, it was a "postcode lottery".
    • Regional Variations
      • Trad. indust.(shipbuilding/ coal mining.) that were heavily reliant upon exports did less well than larger service sector indust. and newer indust.
      • Unemploy and long term unemploy. 1944 Beveridge 85% long term North.
      • Consumption reflected regional wealth variations. Cars, electrification of homes.


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