Social Policy

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  • Social Policy
    • Soc probs and socio probs
      • Soc prob
        • "piece of social beh that causes public friction and/ or private misery" e.g. dom vio
      • Socio prob
        • "any pattern of rel that calls for explanation" i.e. why people are poor
        • can also inc beh that soc doesn't normally reg as prob i.e. why some do well at school
          • 'normal beh' - many int in it for own sake - not int in solving practical soc prob
    • Inf of socio  on policy
      • no guarantee policy-makers will study the find of socio & use them
      • factors affect this:
        • ideo & policy preference of gov
          • if res v's = sim to ide of gov - > chance of inf policy
        • int groups
          • pressure groups seek to inf gov to suit their own inter - gov > persua by these
        • cost
          • too expens - even if int in it
      • power to def a prob = gov dec what is /isn't a prob
    • Perspectives on soc policy & socio
      • link bet socio & soc policy
      • Mills
        • socio should not be accumulation of facts - should solve & sugg policy solut's
      • Giddens
        • id ways in which soc policy relates to socio
          • can inform policy-makers
          • res can assess the results of policy initiatives
          • can gen greater self und ==> form of pressure groups
    • theoretical prespectives
      • Pos & funct
        • socio should shape
          • socio a sci = discover causes of soc prob
            • emphasis on v cponsensus
        • sugg should serve int of soc
          • policies should help soc run smoothly
            • i.e. ed policies to promote eq opps & integ
        • EVAL
          • dealing w/ 1 prob cancelled out by another
            • e.g. imp eq opps @ school whilst pov holds back poor kids
      • Marxism
        • soc = divided by conflict
          • r/c exploit labour of w/c
        • soc policies aren't ben for soc
          • state rep r/c
            • policies serve Cap
              • put forw ideas to abolish Cap
        • these policies:
          • prov ideo legitimation
          • main labour force
          • means of prev rev - e.g. welf state = way to reduce threats to soc stab
        • EVAL
          • unrealistic & impractical
          • rej idea that research can bring about progressive policies within Cap sys
      • Social Democratic presp
        • should shape policies
        • concerned w/ redistrib of wealth
        • Townsend
          • we should res probs & make recommend for policies to end probs
        • EVAL
          • policy proposals aren't enough to solve probs
            • need to abolish Cap
      • Fem
        • Soc = based on conflict
          • Soc = pat
            • state eternalises the sub of women through policies
              • e.g. policies supp nuc fam
                • oppressive
        • policies adopted reflect liberal fem - anti discrim reforms will bring about gender eq
        • rad fems - men as direct oppressor
          • e.g. dom rape, div laws
        • rej policies - doubt can lib women
      • New Right
        • state should have min inv in soc
          • oppose welf state to deal w/ soc probs
          • state undermines resp & enc culture of dep
            • leads to > soc probs e.g. crime
        • socio should prov alt policies - restore indiv resp for own welf
        • EVAL
          • lack objectivity - data = questioned by many as distorted & value-laden
          • rarely draw on socio research
    • BB

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