Slaves (Athens)

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  • Slaves
    • ROUTES INTO SLAVERY
      • Born into it: your parent(s) were slaves.
      • Exposed at birth and brought up as a slave.
      • Captives of war, soldiers and citizens.
      • Captured whilst travelling.
    • THE SLAVE TRADE
      • Sold in the agora.
      • Price would vary depending on age, talent, education and gender. Average was 160 drachma.
      • Many were from Thrace.
    • TYPES OF SLAVE
      • DOMESTIC SLAVES
        • Lived in the oikos, treated as extended family.
        • Washing, coking cleaning, shopping
        • Could be wet-nurses or a paidogogos.
      • WAGE EARNING SLAVES
        • Unskilled slaves would work in mines, on farms or at the docks.
        • Belonged to wealthier families who wanted profit.
        • Pottery, shoe making, building, boat-making.
        • Attractive females and young males hired out as prostitutes or dancers.
      • PUBLIC SLAVES
        • Owned by the state, used for Athens.
        • Scythian Archers: a slave police force.
        • Public executioner, street-sweepers, mint workers.
    • TREATMENT
      • They could neither vote nor marry.
      • Adressed as 'pais', child.
      • They were a possession, used as their owners wished.
      • Agriculture and the mines were the worst places to work.
      • Domestic slaves were formally welcomed into the oikos.
      • You could not hit another man's slave.
      • They could take sanctuary in temples, the master would either have to sell the slave or swear an oath.
      • You could buy your freedom and live as a metic, but this was very rare.

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