Single mothers

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  • Single Mother/ Single Parents
    • Definitions
      • Birth Rate
        • The number of live births per 1,000
      • Attachment
        • the emotional process that results in a loving relationship, which is formed during the early years of child development.
      • bonding
        • The emotional tie between an infant and his or her mother.
      • Income Support
        • a means tested benefit for unemployed people, single parents and disabled people whose income has been assessed as inadequate.
      • informal care
        • care that is given by friends, family or neighbours.
      • Universal benefit
        • benefits which everyone receives irrespective of their need e.g. child benefit
      • Socialisation
        • the process by which we learn the norms, values and behaviour that makes us a member of a particular group.
      • Single mothers
        • Mother not living with a partner, who has most of the day-to-day responsibilities in raising the children, therefore are the primary carer.
    • Trends and Patterns in Case Study
      • Text 1
        • more single mothers than any other major country in Europe.
          • From media Source, daily mail.
            • one in 15 homes in UK are headed by single mothers.
            • Qualitative
            • Secondary
            • may be biased in what was selected for the news article.
              • Therefore, may not be valid because information is likely to be subjective and presented in distorted way
                • This is because personal opinions on single mothers may impact what is written to portray them in a negative way.
            • Used EU Statistics as their primary source of information.
              • This would be a reliable source of information because the governments national statistics would use standarlised procedure.
            • article is from 2011
            • Comparitive text between Europe and countries.
        • one in 15 homes in UK are headed by single mothers.
      • Fig.1
        • The amount of lone parent families with one child has increased from 2001 to 2011. Just over 900 to 1100.
          • Fig.1 comes from the Office for National Statistics
            • Be representative of the research population of lone parents as government would be able to afford to survey the country therefore will have a large sample.
            • Primary, government conducted a survey.
            • Quantitative
            • Jan 2011
            • Reliable would be collected by a standardised procedure
            • Lacks validity as it does not provide any in-depth qualitative data such as reasons for the amount of lone parent families or opinions.
        • The amount of lone parent families with two children has slightly increased from 2001 to 2011.
        • The amount of lone parent families with three or more children has roughly stayed the same from 2001 to 2011 about 200 thousand.
        • Throughout the time period between 2001 to 2011 there has been a higher amount of lone parent families with one child than with two.
        • A higher amount of lone parent families with two children than three or more.
    • Explanations for the trends
      • Changes in society
        • Less stigma, attitudes to unmarried mothers have changed.
          • Due to secularisation
            • Where society is less religious, therefore has become more acceptable to have a child outside wed lock or separate, as les people hold traditional religious beliefs.
              • Such as 'death till us part'
      • Changes in law
        • Has increased gender inequality e.g. sex discrimination act. this has improved women's position in society as they have more opportunities to establish a career.
      • Other
        • Women are suited to expressive role
        • The partner may have been abusive.
        • More common for women to look after children
        • Divorce courts often give custody to mother.
    • Potential support
      • Charities
        • ginerbread
          • Provide advice sessions
        • Family lives
      • Government
        • Income support
        • Job Seekers allowance
          • For those who are unemployed or looking for work
        • Child benefit
          • Parents should be able to claim £20.30 a week for their 1st child and 13.40 for other children.
        • Housing benefit
          • Government will pay part or all of someones rent depending on their income and the area where they live.
        • Child tax credit
    • Advantages
      • Positive atmosphere reduce the amount of arguments
      • Child can build one strong relationship
    • Disadvantages
      • more likely to be in poverty
        • reasons
          • Childcare too expensive, more like to be unemployed
          • Benefits are limitted
          • Most women earn less than men, most single parent families are headed by women
          • No dual income
          • failure of farther to pay maintance

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