Signs in John's Gospel

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  • Signs
    • Water into Wine
      • 3 days later - link to ressurection
      • my hour has not yet come - foreshadowing future
      • 6 jars - sixth day (jesus crucifixion)
        • 6 jars also shows imperfection
        • Mastin - isn't significance, scholars over analyse
      • Shows jesus came to save them
      • Replaces water like christianity is replacing Judaism
        • Replacement theology
      • wine reminds of the last supper
        • Eucharistic element
      • God was the true bridegroom, now jesus is
        • Replacement theology
      • Disciples had faith in his ability
      • always working in the context of his death
    • Healing of the lame man
      • beginning of opposition to jesus' ministry
        • Happened on the sabbath
      • pool had 5 coverings = 5 books (Hellenistic elements)
      • 38 years = israelits spent in the desert
      • judaism failed him, Saved by jesus
      • Dodd - The healing of christ is more than a spiritual thing
      • Characterised by unbelief - the man is a weak character
      • Jesus asks the man if he wants to be saved
        • is he happy with the law of Moses
      • Bultmann - do not read into the sign so deepy
      • Sheep gate is a link to good shepherd
      • To show Jesus's authority of Jesus
      • Jesus has more authority over sin than the torah
    • Healing of the officials son
      • Jesus' Word gives both physical and eternal life
      • Focus is on death
      • Heals son on the 7th hour - perfect time
      • Ministry is universal, accepts gentiles
      • whole family believe after - spreading jesus' word
      • Jesus' word gives physical and eternal life
    • Feeding the 5000
      • Passover
      • substitute for the last supper
      • Jesus is the new moses
        • His bread leads to eternal life
          • the Manna moses fed did not provide this
      • 5 loaves & 2 fish = 7 perfection
      • Bread will give them eternal life through his death
      • Jesus distributes the bread, as he gives his body on the cross
      • Jesus took bread and gave thanks - hints at messianic banquet
      • Eucharistic elements - I am the bread of life
      • faith is central to the miracle
      • Disciples - lack of faith
    • The man born blind
      • Healed on the Sabbath
        • Seen as a punishment to be blind
      • Water gives new life - a substitue for baptism
        • receives new baptism, physical disability is removed
          • Receives spiritual  enlightenment
      • The light of the world has entered into him
    • Raising of Lazarus
      • Jesus reveals his glory in Cana, now he is leading to his ultimate glorification
      • Symbolises the end of Old Israel and the birth of new
      • Seen as a bridge between the signs and Jesus' passion
      • Martha has faith - she believes Jesus can do something
      • Although she doesn't fully understand, she thinks he will be raised on the last day
      • He died as a member of OI and raised through the belief of christ
      • Dodd - the removal of the stone was to be viewed in the ight of Jesus ressurection
        • Foreshadowing of the story of Jesus facing and conquering death
      • He is physically and spiritually reborn
      • Jesus has power over death
      • The sign speeds up jesus' death
        • leads authorities to kill him once and for all
    • Seven signs = perfect number
    • john was interested in the significance, rather than the event itself
      • Sign posts to Jesus and his ministry
      • Nature
        • Purpose
          • Deep theological importance
          • Lindars - written as a significance of Jesus
          • McRae - believes that it was writing to appeal to the Gentiles
          • to link jesus with the father
          • superiority of christianity over jesus
          • didactic purpose - intended to teach
          • Spiritual meaning
        • 7 signs = perfect to God
        • all signs are great supernatural events
        • Shows John's Sitz em Laben
        • Seven Qualities Compassion Divinity Leadership Authority Saving Act Humantity Universal Motif
        • all types of miracles but exorcism
        • developed christology
        • Signifies Jesus' divinity
        • Kingdom of God has been realised (realised eschatology)
    • Signs gave rise to conflict and controversy
      • Do not automatically produce faith
    • johns intention was to link jesus with the father
    • Intended for people to believe that Jesus is the Son of God
    • Belief leads to eternal Life
    • Barrett - Clear indications that he was the son and equal to god
    • Jesus was sent to replace Judaism and save humanity
    • Reveal who Jesus is
    • Written so people may believe
    • Show jesus's mighty act of power
    • Has the nature & Power of God

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