Shakespeare

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  • Shakespeare
    • Context
      • The Renaissance
        • Rebirth and Renewal
        • Order under threat
        • Divine right of kings
      • Elizabethan Period
        • 16th Cenutry
      • Globe Theatre
        • Open to the sky
        • No lighting
        • Elaborate Costumes
        • Little Props
        • Language is KEY!
        • Socially mixed audience
          • Groundlings paid a penny per entrance
          • Seated audience paid higher prices
    • Language
      • Verse
        • Blank Verse
          • Un-rhymed poetry
          • Iambic Pentameter
            • Emphasis on important and emotive language
          • Variations of meter
            • alter expected syllables
            • alter expected pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
            • dividing a single line between 2 or more syllables
            • avoid repetition and keep audience engaged
        • Spoken by aristocratic characters
      • Prose
        • Layout on page changes and line continues to the end of the page
          • More like a novel or story rather than poetry
        • Lower social class speak this
        • Comic and informal language
      • Rhetoric
        • Wordplay
          • Playing around with sounds and meanings
          • Involves puns
        • Antithesis
          • Contrasting of direct opposites
          • "heavy lightness"
        • Hyperbole
          • Use of exaggeration
        • Sound
          • Alliteration, assonance, onomatopeia
        • Parallelism
          • Repetition
            • Sounds
            • individual words
            • grammatical constuctions
      • Imagery
        • anything appealing to our 5 senses
        • figurative
        • Similes and metaphors
        • repetition emphasizes size and scale
          • visual
            • Sight
          • auditory
            • hearing
          • tactile
            • touch
          • Olfctory
            • Smell
          • gustatory
            • taste
      • Dramatic Irony
        • When what a character says has an additional dramatic significance because of something that happens alsewhere
          • Audience are aware of the event that occurs but character isn't
      • Repetition of words
        • Links with themese
    • Themes
      • Order Vs. Disorder
      • Opposing sets of values
      • Ambiguous endings
      • Appearance and reality
    • Forms of plays
      • History Plays
        • Grouped into tetralogies
          • Depict a cycle in history
        • Order and kingship
        • Richard II, Henry IV Parts 1 and 2, Henry V, Richard III
      • Comedies
        • Romantic Comedies
          • Parallel relationships
          • comic devices such as disguises and mistake identities
        • Serious themes
          • Order and Disorder
          • Ambiguity
        • Stong female characters played by men
        • Measure for measure, much ado about nothing
      • Tragedies
        • Aristole
        • Tragic hero reaches pinnacle hen falls to death due to a tragic flaw
        • Catharsis at the end
        • final sombre speech
        • Othello, King Lear, Hamlet, Antony and Cleopatra

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